نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه مازندران، مازندران، ایران

2 استاد مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه مازندران، مازندران، ایران

3 دانشیار مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه مازندران، مازندران، ایران

چکیده

باشگاه های ورزشی نقش مهمی در فعالیت های ورزشی مردم دارند، و نه تنها برای ورزش نخبه و رقابتی بلکه برای ورزش همگانی با اهمیت هستند. هدف از اجرای تحقیق حاضر، مطالعه تطبیقی باشگاه های ورزشی ایران و کشورهای منتخب اروپایی بود. این پژوهش با روش تحقیق کیفی و با رویکرد مقایسه ای و از نظر سطح تطبیق مکانی و زمانی در سطح کشورها، در سال 98  انجام شده است. معمولا پژوهشی را تطبیقی می دانیم که از داده های مقایسه حداقل دو جامعه استفاده کند. بدین صورت نه کشور فرانسه، دانمارک، لهستان، آلمان، هلند، اسپانیا، اتریش، یونان و انگلستان انتخاب شدند. نمونه گیری به روش هدفمند بود. سپس با استفاده از مدل بردی، چهار مرحله توصیف، تفسیر، همجواری و مقایسه تطبیق ساختار انجام شـد. نتایج نشان داد که در حیطه نقش و جایگاه باشگاه های ورزشی، با تمام ریشه های سیاسی و فرهنگی متفاوتی که در شکل گیری آن ها وجود دارد، در بسیاری از موارد اشتراکات فراوانی در کشورهای مورد مطالعه وجود دارد. می توان با در نظر گرفتن نقاط قوت چنین مبانی، درکشورهای مورد مطالعه و بکار بستن آن ها در فعالیت های باشگاه های ورزشی، شرایط تقویت و توسعه باشگاه ها درکشور را فراهم آورد.
واژگان کلیدی: مطالعه تطبیقی، باشگاه ورزشی، کشورهای منتخب، اروپایی

 

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Comparative Study of Sport Clubs in Iran and the Selected European Countries

نویسندگان [English]

  • Vahid Nazari 1
  • Mohamad Hosein Razavi 2
  • Morteza Dousti 3
  • Farzam Farzan 3

1 PhD Candidate, Department of sport management, University of Mazandaran, Mazandaran ,Iran

2 Professor, Department of sport management, University of Mazandaran, Mazandaran ,Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of sport management, University of Mazandaran, Mazandaran ,Iran

چکیده [English]

Sport clubs have an important role in the people’s sporting activities; these clubs are important not only for the competitive, the elite sport but also for the public sport. The objective of conducting the present research is the comparative study of the sport clubs in Iran and the selected European Countries. The present research has been done among the countries in 2019 taking a qualitative research method as well as utilizing a comparative approach in terms of spatial and temporal adaptation level. We usually consider a research as the comparative one in which the comparison data of at least two societies have been used. Therefore, nine countries, France, Denmark, Poland, Germany, Netherlands, Spain and Austria and Greece and England have been selected. The sampling was done in a purposeful way. Then, the four stages-description, interpretation, juxtaposition and comparison of the structural adaptation- have been fulfilled utilizing Bereday’s model. The results have shown a lot of similarities, in many cases, between the countries being studied regarding the role and the position of the sport clubs despite different cultural and political origins in their formation. We can provide conditions for strengthening and developing the clubs in the country considering the strengths of such fundamentals in the countries being studied utilizing those strengths in the activities of the sport clubs in the country.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • European
  • Iran
  • Selected Countries
  • Sport Clubs
  • The Comparative Study
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