Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Candidate, Department of sport management, University of Mazandaran, Mazandaran ,Iran

2 Professor, Department of sport management, University of Mazandaran, Mazandaran ,Iran

3 Associate Professor, Department of sport management, University of Mazandaran, Mazandaran ,Iran


Sport clubs have an important role in the people’s sporting activities; these clubs are important not only for the competitive, the elite sport but also for the public sport. The objective of conducting the present research is the comparative study of the sport clubs in Iran and the selected European Countries. The present research has been done among the countries in 2019 taking a qualitative research method as well as utilizing a comparative approach in terms of spatial and temporal adaptation level. We usually consider a research as the comparative one in which the comparison data of at least two societies have been used. Therefore, nine countries, France, Denmark, Poland, Germany, Netherlands, Spain and Austria and Greece and England have been selected. The sampling was done in a purposeful way. Then, the four stages-description, interpretation, juxtaposition and comparison of the structural adaptation- have been fulfilled utilizing Bereday’s model. The results have shown a lot of similarities, in many cases, between the countries being studied regarding the role and the position of the sport clubs despite different cultural and political origins in their formation. We can provide conditions for strengthening and developing the clubs in the country considering the strengths of such fundamentals in the countries being studied utilizing those strengths in the activities of the sport clubs in the country.


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