بررسی تأثیر ورزش بر کاهش انحرافات اجتماعی (مطالعة موردی: دانش‌آموزان متوسطة دوم شهرستان شهرکرد)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران-ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه گیلان، رشت-ایران

3 استادیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران-ایران

چکیده

هدف از تحقیق حاضر تبیین اثر فعالیت‌های ورزشی بر میزان انحرافات اجتماعی دانش‌آموزان شهرستان شهرکرد است. این تحقیق از جمله تحقیقات پیمایشی است و ابزار جمع‌آوری اطلاعات آن پرسشنامة ناهنجاری‌های اجتماعی است. جامعة آماری تحقیق تمامی دانش‌آموزان دورة متوسطة دوم در سال تحصیلی 95-94 در دو ناحیة 1 و 2 شهرستان شهرکرد بود. نمونة آماری طبق جدول مورگان 292 نفر انتخاب شد. نتایج حاصل از آزمون تی نشان داد که دانش‌آموزان ورزشکار در مقایسه با دانش‌آموزان غیرورزشکار گرایش کمتری به انحرافات اجتماعی دارند. همچنین نتایج نشان داد که ناهنجاری‌های اجتماعی از اولویت یکسانی برخوردار نیستند و برخی عوامل شیوع بیشتری دارند. در انتها به مدیران، معلمان و والدین با توجه به نقش ورزش در کاهش انحرافات اجتماعی پیشنهاد می‌شود تا ورزش را به‌عنوان یکی از گزینه‌های اصلی فراغتی در برنامه‌ریزی‌های اوقات فراغت دانش‌آموزان بگنجانند.

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