نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشجوی ارشد مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدة علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران

چکیده

به‌کارگیری اماکن ورزشی برای انجام فعالیت بدنی و ورزش به‌واسطة مصرف انرژی موجب انتشار گازهای گلخانه‌ای می‌شود. بنابراین، هدف این تحقیق ارزیابی رفتار حفاظت زیست‌محیطی اماکن ورزشی باشگاه ذوب‌آهن اصفهان با استفاده از شاخص انتشار دی‌اکسید کربن بود.
روش تحقیق توصیفی ـ تحلیلی بود. مجموعة ورزشی ملت باشگاه ذوب‌آهن اصفهان به‌عنوان نمونة مطالعاتی مدنظر قرار گرفته بود. ابزار تحقیق چک‌لیست محقق‌ساخته بود که روایی آن توسط متخصصان حوزة محیط زیست و مدیریت ورزشی تأیید شد. پایایی ابزار تحقیق از طریق پایایی درون‌ارزیاب بررسی شد که ضریب توافق بین دو ارزیابی 81/0 محاسبه شد. در تحلیل داده‌ها از راهنمای مصرف انرژی(ECG78)  در سازه‌های تفریحی ـ ورزشی انگلستان استفاده شد.
نتایج نشان داد میزان دی‌اکسید کربن انتشاریافته در مجموعة ورزشی ملت بالاتر از سطح استانداردهای زیست‌محیطی است. میزان انتشار دی‌اکسید کربن در هر متر مربع از سالن ورزشی، رختکن، محوطه ـ پارکینگ و زمین چمن به‌ترتیب 28/102، 36/239، 46/13 و 30/12 کیلوگرم به ازای یک روز بود.
نتایج بیانگر این است که مصرف انرژی در مجموعة ورزشی ملت به‌ویژه در بخش روشنایی، موجب انتشار دی‌اکسید کربن به میزان بالاتری از سطح استاندارد شده است. بنابراین، مدیریت بهینة مصرف انرژی در اماکن ورزشی باشگاه ذوب‌آهن و تلاش در جهت کاهش انتشار دی‌اکسید کربن و رساندن آن به سطح استاندارد برای کاهش خطرهای زیست‌محیطی می‌تواند در دستور کار مدیران باشگاه قرار گیرد.
واژگان کلیدی: انرژی مصرفی؛ دی‌اکسید کربن؛ رفتار حفاظت زیست‌محیطی؛ گازهای گلخانه‌ای؛ مجموعة ورزشی

عنوان مقاله [English]

The evaluating of pro-environmental behavior of sport facilities of Zob Ahan club of Isfahan by apply the carbon dioxide emission index (Case Study: Mellat sports complex)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Roza Darabi
  • Ahmad Ali Asefi

M.S Student of sport management, Sport science Faculty, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran

چکیده [English]

purpose of study was to the evaluating of pro-environmental behavior of sport facilities of Zob Ahan club of Isfahan by apply the carbon dioxide emission index (Case Study: Mellat Sports Complex). The research method was descriptive in the type of analytical. In this research, Mellat Sports Complex of Zob Ahan club of Isfahan was considered as a statistical sample. The research tool was a researcher-made checklist whose validity was confirmed by environmental and sports management experts. In order to measure the reliability of the research instrument, the inter-evaluator reliability was used, and the coefficient of agreement between the two evaluations was calculated )0.81(. The Energy Consumption Guide 78 (ECG78) in sports and recreation buildings of the United Kingdom was used to analyze the data. The results showed that the amount of carbon dioxide emitted in Mellat Sports Complex was higher than environmental standards. The amount of CO2 emissions per square meter of sport hall, locker room, parking and lawn field 102/28, 239/36, 13/46 and 12/30 kg, respectively. The results showed that energy consumption in Mellat Sports Complex, especially in the lighting sector, has caused CO2 emissions to be higher than the standard level. Therefore, the optimal management of energy consumption in the sports facilities of Zob Ahan club and efforts to reduce carbon dioxide emissions and bring it to the standard level to reduce environmental hazards can be on the agenda of the club management.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Greenhouse gases
  • Sport complex
  • Pro-environmental behavior
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Energy Consumption
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