جایگاه دیپلماسی ورزشی در سیاست خارجی ایران پس از انقلاب اسلامی 1357

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی، دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدة علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه مازندران

2 دانشیار، گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدة علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه مازندران

چکیده

دیپلماسی ورزشی از انواع دیپلماسی‌های عمومی است که امروزه جایگاه ویژه‌ای در سیاست خارجی کشورها دارد. شرایط ویژۀ جمهوری اسلامی ایران، ضرورت پرداختن به دیپلماسی ورزشی کارامد را دوچندان می‌نماید. دولت‌های بعد از انقلاب اسلامی همواره در پی استفاده از ظرفیت‌های قدرت نرم برآمده‌اند، اما در این زمینه کارامدی مناسبی نداشته‌اند و با چالش‌های مختلفی روبه‌رو بوده‌اند. استفاده از دیپلماسی ورزشی درست و کارامد می‌تواند دولتمردان را در پیشبرد اهداف سیاسی خود به‌ویژه در عرصۀ روابط بین‌الملل و ایجاد صلح جهانی یاری کند. سؤال اصلی این پژوهش عبارت است از اینکه جایگاه دیپلماسی ورزشی در دولت‌های روی‌کارآمدۀ ایران پس از انقلاب اسلامی چگونه بوده است؟ در این پژوهش با روش توصیفی -تحلیلی و با استفاده از منابع کتابخانه‌ای و اسنادی به جایگاه دیپلماسی ورزشی در سیاست خارجی کشور، در دولت‌های جمهوری اسلامی ایران بعد از انقلاب اسلامی پرداخته شده است. نتایج حاکی از آن بود که دیپلماسی ورزشی کشور از روند و الگوی خاصی پیروی نمی‌کند، ولی هرچه از صدر انقلاب می‌گذرد، دولت‌ها بدون توجه به مواضع سیاسی خود به استفادۀ بیشتر از این دیپلماسی در راستای اهداف خود روی آورده‌اند.

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