بررسی تحلیلی قوانین کشور در حوزه فعالیت‌های ورزشی زنان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 مربی مدیریت ورزشی دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران

2 استاد مدیریت ورزشی دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از این مطالعه بررسی قوانین مرتبط با فعالیت‌های ورزشی زنان ایران است. مطالعة حاضر از نوع توصیفی و منبع اصلی مورد مطالعه قوانین جمهوری اسلامی ایران است که از ابتدای انقلاب اسلامی تا سال ۱۳۹۵ وضع شده است. مطالعة قوانین نشان می‌دهد که در حوزة وضع قوانین در قانون اساسی و برخی قوانین دیگر به شکل مستقیم به فعالیت‌های ورزشی زنان اشاره نشده و قانونگذار تنها به حوزة اجتماعی پرداخته و از آنجا که تفکیک جنسیتی انجام نگرفته است، این قوانین برای همة مردم عمومی بوده و برای زن و مرد یکسان و به شکل برابر وضع شده است. اما تفکیک جنسیتی در برخی قوانین دیگر و به نفع زنان وضع شده است که در برداشت نخست به‌نظر می‌رسد این قوانین به‌سبب کمبود ضمانت اجرایی قوانین دیگر و اعمال تبعیض در اجرای قوانین، وضع شده‌اند. بنابراین در حوزة وضع قوانین می‌توان گفت دست‌کم با مشکل جدی روبه‌رو نیستیم، ولی در اجرای قوانین به‌سبب کمبود ضمانت اجرایی، ناکارامدی مشاهده می‌شود که حتی وضع قوانین جدید و به نفع زنان نیز نمی‌تواند بهبود جدی در وضعیت فعالیت‌های ورزشی زنان ایجاد کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Analytical Study of Iran’s Law in Women Sports Activities

نویسندگان [English]

  • Neda Asadi 1
  • Farshad Tojari 2
  • Zinat Nikaeen 3

1 Lecturer of Sports Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science of Islamic Azad University Tehran Central Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor of Sports Management , Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science of Islamic Azad University Tehran Central Branch, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor of Sports Management Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science of Islamic Azad University Tehran Central Branch, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this paper is the study of Iran’s law related to the Iranian women sports activities. This study is a descriptive research and the main source of study is the Iran’s Law passed from the beginning of the Islamic Revolution till 2016. Studying of the laws shows that in passing the laws, sports activities of the women is not directly mentioned in Constitution of Iran and other laws and legislator only pointed out to the social affairs. As sex segregation is not done in these laws it implies that they are applicable for all people and they are passed for women and men equally. On the other hand the sex segregation is applied in other laws in favor of women which possibly means that these laws are passed due to shortage of the other law’s enforcement and existence of discrimination in executing the laws. Hence in regards of the passing the laws it could be concluded that at least there is no main issues however in executing the laws, deficiency is witnessed because of shortage of the laws enforcement that even passing new laws in favor of women could not resulted any extensive improvement in women’s sports activities.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Enforcement
  • Law
  • sex segregation
  • sports
  • women
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دوره 13، شماره 2
تیر 1400
صفحه 565-580
  • تاریخ دریافت: 04 خرداد 1398
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 26 آبان 1398
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 08 بهمن 1398
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 تیر 1400