بهینه‌سازی مکانی اماکن ورزشی در راستای تحلیل فضایی- مکانی و آمایش سرزمین (نمونة موردی: شهر کرج)

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، مازندران، ایران

2 دانشیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه مازندران، بابلسر، مازندران، ایران

3 استادیار عمران، دانشگاه شمال، آمل، مازندران، ایران

چکیده

هدف اساسی از مدیریت و برنامة آمـایش سـرزمین توزیـع فعالیت‌های اقتصـادی، اجتماعی، جمعیتی و ظرفیت‌های آشکار و پنهان با توجه به تحـولات و دگرگونی‌های زمـان و نیازهاست. با توجه به اینکه تعیین مکان بهینة ورزشی از وظایف مهم برنامه‌ریزان و تصمیم‌گیرندگان شهری است، تحقیق حاضر با این هدف انجام گرفت که توزیع فضایی اماکن ورزشی با استفاده از سیستم اطلاعات جغرافیایی تجزیه‌وتحلیل شود و با توجه به اطلاعات حاصل، الگوی مطلوب اماکن ورزشی به‌دست آید. تحقیق حاضر، توصیفی - تحلیلی و از نوع کاربردی است که به شیوة میدانی در محدودة مطالعاتی کلانشهر کرج انجام پذیرفت. نمونة مطالعاتی شامل استخرهای سرپوشیدة موجود با کاربری عمومی (27 مورد) بود. در تجزیه‌وتحلیل یافته‌ها، معیارهای مکان‌یابی به شیوة تحلیل سلسله‌مراتبی ارزش‌گذاری شد، سپس بانک اطلاعات جغرافیایی در نرم‌افزار GIS تشکیل و با استفاده از تابع همپوشانی لایه‌ها مطابق وزن نسبی (حاصل از مقایسات زوجی) محدودة مطالعاتی تحقیق به پنج سطح تقسیم‌بندی شد و سپس موقعیت هر کدام از استخرهای سرپوشیده نسبت به این طیف پنج‌سطحی سنجیده شد. در پایان مناطقی که در طیف بسیار مناسب قرار داشتند، به‌عنوان اماکن مناسب به‌منظور احداث اماکن ورزشی جدید معرفی شدند. نتایج نشان داد که توزیع فضایی- مکانی بیشتر استخرهای شهر کرج مساعد و مناسب است، در نهایت مطابق نتایج تحقیق 11 مکان مناسب به‌منظور احداث استخرهای ورزشی معرفی شد.

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