مدلسازی و اولویت‌بندی موانع کسب میزبانی رویدادهای بزرگ بین‌المللی ورزشی در ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانش‌آموختۀ دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدۀ علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد، مشهد، ایران

2 استاد دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر، مدلسازی و اولویت‌بندی موانع کسب میزبانی رویدادهای بزرگ بین‌المللی ورزشی در ایران بود که به روش توصیفی- پیمایشی و به شکل میدانی انجام گرفت. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش شامل مدیران وزارت ورزش و جوانان تا سطح معاونان، هیأت رئیسۀ کمیتۀ ملی المپیک، عوامل برگزاری دوازدهمین دورۀ المپیاد دانشجویی کشور در دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، مدیران ارشد فدراسیون‌های ورزشی حاضر در بازی‌های المپیک، بازی‌های آسیایی و جام‌های جهانی رشته‌های مختلف شامل رئیس، نواب رئیس و دبیر فدراسیون مربوطه و در مجموع 134 نفر بودند. به‌علت محدود بودن تعداد اعضای جامعه، از روش نمونه‌گیری کل‌شمار استفاده شد. ابزار اندازه‌گیری پرسشنامۀ محقق‌ساخته‌ای بود که روایی آن با استفاده از نظرهای استادان و متخصصان تربیت بدنی در امر رویداد تأیید و پایایی ابزار از طریق ضریب آلفای کرونباخ (86/0=α) به‌دست آمد. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل ویژگی‌های جمعیت‌شناختی از آمار توصیفی و به‌منظور اولویت‌بندی مؤلفه‌های پژوهش از آزمون فریدمن استفاده شد. براساس یافته‌های تحقیق ضعف امکانات زیربنایی و زیرساختی و عوامل اقتصادی از مهم‌ترین موانع کسب میزبانی رویدادهای بزرگ ورزشی است و پس از آن موانع و مشکلات اجتماعی-فرهنگی و محیطی بیشترین تأثیر را در عدم کسب میزبانی رویدادهای بزرگ بین‌المللی ورزشی داشته‌اند. بررسی موانع کسب میزبانی می‌تواند سازمان درخواست‌دهندۀ میزبانی و مسئولان اجرایی ورزش کشور را قادر سازد تا ضعف‌ها و کمبودهای موجود کشور در این بخش را شناسایی و برنامۀ راهبردی مؤثرتری را به‌منظور کسب میزبانی رویداد در آینده تدوین کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Modelling and Prioritization of Barriers to Hosting International Sport Mega Event in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Shahram Abdi 1
  • Seyed Nasrollah Sajjadi 2

1 Ph. D of Sport Management, Faculty of Sport Science, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

2 Professor in Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

This study aims at Modelling and Prioritizing the Barriers to Hosting International Sport Mega Event in Iran which was carried out in a field descriptive-survey method. The statistical population consisted of Ministry of sport and youth managers to the level of deputy, board of directors of national Olympic committee, members of the organizing students twelfth Olympiad in Shahid Beheshti university nagers to the level of deputy (ant                ust GHahfarrokhi, senior executives sports federations in the Olympic Games, Asian Games and World Cup other disciplines (25 federations), consisted of president, vice president and secretary of the federation  that sum was equal to 134. In this study, we used the total number of samples due to the limited number of community members, so the sample was equal to the statistical population. The measuring tool was a questionnaire, which had been confirmed by the supervision of professors and experts of physical education, and its stability was acquired through the Cronbach's alpha (α=0.86). The descriptive statistics were used to analyze the demographic characteristics and the Friedman test was used to prioritize the study variables. The results indicate that the weakness of Infrastructural facilities and Economical of the most important Barriers to the hosting international sport mega events and then Socio-Cultural and Environmental barriers had the greatest impact in the barriers of hosting international mega events sporting. Survey barriers to hosting could enable hosting applicant organization and country executive sport until to identify weaknesses and defects in this part, and develop effective strategic plan for hosting event in future.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Prioritization
  • Sport Mega Event
  • Sport International Event
  • Hosting
  • Modelling
  • Barriers
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دوره 13، شماره 2
تیر 1400
صفحه 373-390
  • تاریخ دریافت: 05 آبان 1394
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 18 خرداد 1395
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 19 خرداد 1395
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 تیر 1400