بررسی رابطۀ سرمایۀ انسانی اعضای هیأت علمی با پیشرفت تحصیلی دانشجویان تربیت بدنی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکتری تخصصی مدیریت ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

2 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت آموزش عالی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران ، ایران

چکیده

هدف از این تحقیق بررسی رابطۀ سرمایۀ انسانی اعضای هیأت علمی و پیشرفت تحصیلی دانشجویان تربیت بدنی بود. روش تحقیق، از نظر هدف کاربردی و از نظر شیوة گردآوری داده‌ها توصیفی بود. جامعۀ آماری دانشجویان کارشناسی تربیت بدنی دانشگاه تهران (310=n) و نمونۀ آماری طبق فرمول کوکران، 175 نفر بود. نمونه‌گیری به‌صورت تصادفی انجام گرفت. ابزار گردآوری داده‌ها پرسشنامۀ سرمایۀ انسانی نادری (1390) بود. روایی پرسشنامه توسط متخصصان تأیید شد و پایایی آن با استفاده از آلفای کرونباخ 978/0 به‌دست آمد. برای تحلیل داده‌ها از آمار توصیفی (میانگین، انحراف معیار و درصد فراوانی) و آمار استنباطی (آزمون k-s، تی تک‌نمونه‌ای، ضریب همبستگی تفکیکی و رگرسیون چندگانۀ گام‌به‌گام) استفاده شد. یافته‌ها نشان داد بین سرمایۀ انسانی و پیشرفت تحصیلی با وجود متغیر کنترل رابطة مثبت و معناداری وجود داشت (452 /0=r). بین مؤلفه‌های توانایی شناختی (512 /0=r)، شایستگی فراشناختی (396 /0=r) و مهارت‌های ارتباطی-عاطفی (488 /0=r) با پیشرفت تحصیلی رابطة مثبت و معناداری وجود داشت.  نتایج رگرسیون چندگانۀ گام‌به‌گام نشان داد توانایی شناختی با ضریب همبستگی چندگانه (812/0 (R=، شایستگی فراشناختی )578/0 (R=و مهارت‌های ارتباطی-عاطفی )645/0 (R=توانایی پیش‌بینی پیشرفت تحصیلی دانشجویان را دارند. پس هر اندازه سرمایۀ انسانی اعضای هیأت علمی بیشتر باشد،  شاهد پیشرفت تحصیلی دانشجویان تربیت ‌بدنی خواهیم بود.

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