تأثیر عناصر نیاز به خودابرازی بر ارزش ویژة برند باشگاه‌های لیگ برتر فوتبال ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران

2 استاد مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

3 دانشیار مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه تهران، تهران، ایران

10.22059/jsm.2021.113748.1266

چکیده

موفقیت در بازاریابی ورزشی مستلزم توجه ویژه به کیفیت رابطة بین هواداران و تیم‌های ورزشی است. ازاین‌رو هدف از تحقیق حاضر مطالعة تأثیر عناصر نیاز به خودابرازی بر ارزش ویژۀ برند باشگاه‌های لیگ برتر فوتبال ایران است. روش تحقیق توصیفی- همبستگی و از نوع پیمایشی و کاربردی است و داده‌ها با استفاده از پرسشنامه‌های استاندارد تمایز هویت، تشابه هویت و پرستیژ هویتِ باتاچاریا و سن (2003) و پرسشنامة ارزش ویژۀ برند یو و دانته (2001) گردآوری شد. جامعة آماری تحقیق شامل هواداران تیم‌های پرطرفدار لیگ برتر فوتبال ایران بود که 200 نفر از آنها به‌طور تصادفی به‌عنوان نمونة آماری تحقیق انتخاب شدند. روایی پرسشنامه با استفاده از نظرهای متخصصان مدیریت ورزشی و مدیریت بازرگانی تأیید و پایایی پرسشنامه‌ها براساس آلفای کرونباخ ارزیابی شد. برای تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها از نرم‌افزارSPSS  نسخۀ 18 و PLS استفاده شد. براساس نتایج این پژوهش، تمامی مسیرها در سطح معنا‌داری 05/0p<  تأیید شد. نتایج نشان داد که عناصر نیاز به خودابرازی که شامل تشابه هویت، تمایز هویت و پرستیژ هویت است، تأثیر مثبت و معناداری بر ارزش ویژۀ برند تیم‌های لیگ برتر فوتبال ایران داشته‌اند.

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