تأثیر معماری فضاهای ورزشی تحت پوشش شهرداری تهران بر میزان گرایش شهروندان به فعالیت‌های ورزشی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه الزهراء، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار دانشگاه الزهراء، تهران، ایران

3 استاد دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

4 دانشیار دانشگاه شهید بهشتی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش بررسی معماری فضاهای ورزشی تحت پوشش شهرداری تهران بر میزان گرایش شهروندان به فعالیت‌های ورزشی بود. روش تحقیق توصیفی- همبستگی بود. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش ورزشکاران شهر تهران بودند. نمونۀ آماری، مشتریان مجموعه‌های ورزشی 5 منطقۀ شهری از بین 22 منطقه با توجه به موقعیت جغرافیایی قرارگیری آنها در شمال، جنوب، شرق، غرب و مرکز، شامل مناطق 1،5،6،8،20 بودند. روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی و در دسترس، همچنین حجم نمونه متشکل از 250 نفر بود. ابزار گردآوری، پرسشنامۀ محقق‌ساخته‌ای بود که روایی صوری و محتوایی آن توسط 9 نفر از استادان مدیریت ورزشی و معماری بررسی و سپس در بین نمونۀ موردنظر پخش شد. پایایی پرسشنامه با استفاده از آلفای کرونباخ 76/0 محاسبه شد. همچنین از الگوریتم پی ال اس برای آزمودن فرضیات استفاده شد. خروجی نرم‌افزار حاکی از این بود که تمامی متغیرها تحقیق اثر مثبتی بر گرایش شهروندان به اماکن ورزشی تحت پوشش شهرداری تهران داشت. به‌طور کلی می‌توان گفت معماری و نحوۀ طراحی اماکن ورزشی بر جذب و گرایش شهروندان به فعالیت‌های ورزشی ثمربخش است و متولیان امر هنگام طراحی باید به معماری اماکن براساس فرهنگ، نحوۀ دسترسی و سایر شاخص‌های به‌دست‌آمده توجه ویژه کنند.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Architecture of Sport Facilities of Tehran Municipality on Citizen Tendency to Sport Activities

نویسندگان [English]

  • Marzieh barotiyan 1
  • nahid atghia 2
  • mirmohammad kashef 3
  • mohammad reza hafezy 4

1 MSc in Sport Management, Alzahra University , Tehran, IRAN

2 Associate Professor, Alzahra University, Tehran, IRAN

3 Professor, Urmia University , Urmia, IRAN

4 Associate Professor, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, IRAN

چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to investigate the architecture of sport facilities managed by Tehran Municipality on the tendency of citizens to sport activities. The research method was descriptive-correlation. The statistical population of the study consisted of athletes in Tehran city. The statistical sample included the customers of the sport complexes in 5 metropolitan areas (1,5,6,8,20) from 22 areas according to their geographic location in the north, south, east, west and center. Random and convenience sampling methods were used to select the sample (n=250). A researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect the data; its content and face validity was assessed by 9 sport management and architecture professors and then it was distributed among the subjects. The reliability of the questionnaire was calculated using Cronbach's alpha coefficient (0.76). Also, the PLS algorithm was used to test the research hypotheses. The software output indicated that all the research variables had positive effects on the citizens' tendency to sport facilities managed by the Tehran Municipality. In general, it can be concluded that the architecture and design of sport facilities affect the attraction and tendency of citizens to sport activities. The planners and designers should pay special attention to the architecture of the facilities according to the culture, accessibility and other indices obtained in this study.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sport facilities
  • municipality
  • sport activities
  • architecture
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دوره 12، شماره 3
آذر 1399
صفحه 665-683
  • تاریخ دریافت: 13 اردیبهشت 1396
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 12 خرداد 1398
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 28 خرداد 1398
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 آذر 1399