تدوین الگوی عوامل مؤثر در جذب حامیان مالی از ورزش دوومیدانی ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

هدف از این تحقیق، تدوین الگوی عوامل مؤثر در جذب حامیان مالی از ورزش دوومیدانی ایران بود. تحقیق حاضر ازنظر هدف، کاربردی و ازنظر چگونگی جمع‌آوری داده‌ها توصیفی از نوع پیمایشی به شمار می‌آید که به شکل میدانی انجام شد.ابزار گردآوری اطلاعات پرسشنامه محقق ساخته بود که بر اساس مقیاس 5 ارزشی لیکرت امتیازبندی شد. برای بررسی روایی پرسشنامه، پرسشنامه اولیه را به 8 تن از اساتید رشته مدیریت ورزشی ارائه و با جمع‌بندی نظرات آن‌ها پرسشنامه نهایی تنظیم شد..در سطح آمار توصیفی از جداول فراوانی و شاخص‌های مرکزی (میانگین) و پراکندگی (واریانس و انحراف معیار) استفاده گردید و در سطح آمار استنباطی ، آزمون t یک دامنه، آزمون فریدمن، آزمون همبستگی با استفاده از نرم‌افزار SPSS و به‌منظور بررسی روایی ساختاری تحلیل عاملی تأییدی از نرم‌افزار AMOS استفاده شد. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد به ترتیب، عوامل رسانه‌ای و تماشاگران، دولتی، مدیریتی-سازمانی، اجتماعی-فرهنگی، اقتصادی بیش‌ترین نقش را در جذب حامیان مالی در ورزش دوومیدانی ایران داشتند. درنهایت وزارت ورزش و جوانان و فدراسیون دوومیدانی با توجه به شناسایی و نقش مثبت عوامل ذکرشده، می‌توانند به‌منظور جذب حامیان مالی و برطرف کردن انتظارات آن‌ها اقدام کنند.
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