تأثیر حمایت اجتماعی و تعارض کار - خانواده بر عملکرد شغلی کارکنان ادارات ورزش و جوانان استان کرمان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران

2 دانشیار گروه مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایرانران

3 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی، دانشکدة تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر، بررسی تأثیر حمایت اجتماعی و تعارض کار-خانواده بر عملکرد شغلی کارکنان ادارات ورزش و جوانان استان کرمان بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش را کارکنان ادارات ورزش و جوانان استان کرمان تشکیل دادند(252=N) که 157 نفر به روش تصادفی خوشه ای، انتخاب شدند. برای گردآوری داده ها از پرسش نامه های حمایت اجتماعی زیمت و همکاران(1988)، تعارض کار- خانواده نتمیر و همکاران(1996) و عملکرد شغلی موتوویدلو و ون اسکاتر(1994) استفاده شد. نتایج نشان داد که حمایت اجتماعی بر عملکرد شغلی تأثیر مستقیم و معناداری دارد؛ همچنین حمایت اجتماعی بر تعارض کار – خانوده و تعارض کار - خانواده بر عملکرد شغلی تأثیر منفی و معنادار دارد. نتایج حاصل از مدل سازی پژوهش نشان داد که حمایت اجتماعی به واسطه تعارض کار – خانواده بر عملکرد شغلی کارکنان تأثیر معناداری ندارد. در نهایت کلیۀ شاخص های برازش مدل نشان‌دهنده برازش مطلوب آن بودند. با توجه به یافته های پژوهش به مدیران و مسئولان ادارات ورزش و جوانان پیشنهاد می شود که با ایجاد حمایت های لازم زمینه بهبود عملکرد در محیط کار، مقابله با مشکلات زندگی، سازگاری عمومی و بهزیستی جسمانی و روانشناختی دارد را فراهم آورند.

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