بازشناسی و مدل‌سازی حوزه‌ها و زیرساخت‌های حقوق تجارت در ورزش حرفه‌ای ایران

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشگاه الزهرا، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار آمار زیستی مؤسسة مطالعات و مدیریت جامع و تخصصی جمعیت کشور، تهران، ایران

3 کارشناسی‌ارشد مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه الزهراا، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف از این تحقیق بازشناسی و مدلسازی حوزه‌ها و زیرساخت‌های حقوق تجارت در ورزش حرفه‌ای ایران و ارائة تصمیمات مدیریتی مبتنی بر آن بود. ابزار تحقیق پرسشنامه‌ای محقق‌ساخته با 70 گویه بود که توسط 7 تن از خبرگان، روایی محتوایی آن تأیید و ضریب پایایی آن 894/0 تعیین شد. نمونه‌های تحقیق شامل 300 نفر از اعضای هیأت علمی دانشگاه، کارشناسان ورزشی، مربیان، ورزشکاران/قهرمانان بودند. از تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی و تأییدی برای اعتباریابی سازه‌ای، شناسایی عوامل و برآورد بارهای عاملی استفاده شد. تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها و تعیین معادلات ساختاری در نرم‌افزارSPSS  نسخة 21 و LISREL انجام گرفت. در الگوی اکتشافی الگوی حقوق تجارت در ورزش حرفه‌ای، حوزه‌ها و زیرساخت‌های حقوق تجارت در ورزش حرفه‌ای کشور شناسایی شد که شامل یازده عامل قراردادهای حقوقی، مقررات بین‌المللی، صحه‌گذاری، بازاریابی در کمین، قانون استخدام، قانون ضد تراست، مالکیت فکری، آژانس ورزشی، رابطة واسطه‌گری، رسانة ورزشی و اقتصاد بود. سه عامل قراردادهای حقوقی، مقررات بین‌المللی، و عامل اقتصاد بر سایر عوامل تبیین‌کنندة حقوق تجارت در ورزش حرفه‌ای کشور اثرگذار بودند. چنانچه بتوان با این سه عامل به‌نحوی شایسته بر سایر عوامل این مدل اثر گذاشت، ریشة بسیاری از مسائل و مشکلات در حوزة حقوق تجارت در ورزش حرفه‌ای شناسایی خواهد شد. توجه به بارهای عاملی و روابط حاکم میان هر عامل با سایر عوامل در این مدل، راهگشای مناسبی برای مدیران در تصمیم‌سازی است.

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