تأثیر تمرین هوازی بر استرس شغلی و فرسودگی شغلی کارمندان مرد دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد قروه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه علوم ورزشی دانشگاه زنجان، زنجان، ایران

2 . کارشناس ارشد مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد سنندج، سنندج، ایران

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش بررسی تأثیر هشت هفته تمرینات هوازی بر استرس شغلی و فرسودگی شغلی کارمندان مرد دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد قروه بود. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش کلیۀ کارمندان مرد دانشگاه بود. تعداد 22 نفر از کارمندانی که آمادگی خود را برای شرکت در پژوهش اعلام کرده بودند، به روش نمونه‌گیری هدفمند به‌عنوان آزمودنی‌های پژوهش انتخاب شدند. آزمودنی‌ها به دو گروه تجربی (12 نفر) و کنترل (10 نفر) پس از همسان‌سازی براساس متغیرهای تأثیرگذار بر استرس و فرسودگی شغلی تقسیم شدند. طرح این پژوهش از نوع نیمه‌تجربی با طرح پیش‌آزمون و پس‌آزمون در یک گروه تجربی و یک گروه کنترل بود. ابزار پژوهش، پرسشنامۀ استرس شغلی اویانگ (2009) و فرسودگی شغلی ماسلاچ (2001) بود. پایایی و روایی این پرسشنامه‌ها در مطالعات قبلی تأیید شده بود. به‌منظور تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌ها از آمارۀ توصیفی و استنباطی شامل آزمون کولموگروف اسمیرنوف و تی مستقل استفاده شد. یافته‌ها نشان داد که بین تغییرات استرس شغلی و فرسودگی شغلی دو گروه تجربی و کنترل به‌ترتیب با آمارۀ تی 53/3 و 69/9 تفاوت معناداری در سطح معناداری 01/0 وجود دارد. با توجه به تأثیر تمرین هوازی بر استرس و فرسودگی شغلی کارمندان و نیاز بسیار کم این نوع تمرینات به امکانات و تجهیزات خاص و همچنین سادگی و عدم پیچیدگی این نوع تمرینات به ریاست دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی قروه و همچنین دیگر سازمان‌های مشابه، پیشنهاد می‌شود تمرینات هوازی را در برنامۀ کاری کارمندان خود برنامه‌ریزی کنند.

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