شناسایی عوامل موثر بر توسعه فرهنگ ورزش همگانی در ایران

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی- دانشگاه تربیت مدرس تهران

2 استادیار پژوهشگاه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی/ پژوهشگاه تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی

3 استاد دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

چکیده

هدف از تحقیق حاضر، شناسایی عوامل موثر در توسعه فرهنگ ورزش همگانی بوده است. این تحقیق از نوع تحقیقات کاربردی است که به شیوه توصیفی تحلیلی و به شکل میدانی به مرحله اجرا درآمده است. جامعه پژوهش حاضر تعداد 800 نفر از کارشناسان و مدیران و دست اندرکاران ورزش همگانی کشور بودندکه از این میان و با استفاده از جدول تعیین حجم نمونه مورگان تعداد 260 نفر به عنوان نمونه تحقیق انتخاب شدند. ضریب پایایی پرسشنامه به روش آلفای کرونباخ و به میزان(0/912) محاسبه گردید. برای تهیه پرسشنامه با استفاده از مصاحبه با اساتید متخصص تعداد 48سوال در 8 حوزه شناسایی شد که به وسیله تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی و تائیدی گویه های مناسب تحقیق در نهایت در 35 گویه و 7 حوزه طبقه بندی گردید. رتبه بندی عوامل بوسیله آزمون رتبه بندی فریدمن انجام شد. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد عامل اصول و ساختار مهم ترین عامل در توسعه فرهنگ ورزش همگانی بوده است. آموزش ورزش همگانی در رتبه دوم قرار گرفت . این مطلب بر ضرورت آموزش در راستای توسعه فرهنگ ورزش همگانی در کشور می افزاید. توسعه فرهنگ ورزش همگانی فرآیندی زمان بر خواهد بود که عزم جدی مسئولان را می طلبد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Identification of the development of the culture of sport for all in Iran

نویسندگان [English]

  • Iman Nastaran. Boroujeny 1
  • mohamadhosein ghorbani 2
  • hashem kouzechian 3
  • mohammad Ehsani 3

1 PhD student of Sport Management- Tarbiat Modares University

2 Assistant Professor, Institute of Physical Education and Sport Sciences / Institute of Physical Education and Sport Sciences

3 professor of tarbiat modares university

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was identified effective factors in developing the culture of sport for all. This research is a type of applied research, which was conducted in a descriptive, analytical manner, and field-based. The population of the study consisted of 800 experts and managers and practitioners of sport for all in the country. 260 individuals were selected as the sample using the Morgan sample size table. The reliability coefficient of the questionnaire was calculated (0.912). To prepare the questionnaire, 48 questions were identified in 8 areas by expert interviews, which were classified by exploratory factor analysis and appropriateness of the appropriate study fields in 35 fields and 7 domains. The factors ranking was performed by Friedman Ranking Test. The results of the research showed that the factor of principles and structure was the most important factor in the development culture of sport for all. Sport for all education was ranked second. This article adds to the necessity of education in order to develop the culture of sport for all in the country. The development of the culture of sport for all will be a process of time requiring the authorities' determination. Accordingly, the development of the culture of participation in sport for all should be further addressed in the country's large scale sports plans, and this should be pursued with earnestness.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Iran
  • Recreational sport
  • Sport culture
  • sport for all
  • Sports
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دوره 10، شماره 4
دی 1397
صفحه 723-738
  • تاریخ دریافت: 21 آذر 1395
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 18 خرداد 1398
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 25 تیر 1396
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 دی 1397