بررسی ارتباط بین ویژگی‌های کارآفرینی مدیران با عملکرد در باشگاه‌های ورزشی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران،

2 .دانشیار دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران

3 .استادیار دانشکدۀ تربیت بدنی و علوم ورزشی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف کلی تحقیق حاضر طراحی مدلی به‌منظور ارتباط بین ویژگی‌های کارآفرینی با عملکرد در باشگاه­های ورزشی شهر تهران بود. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش شامل 1000 نفر از مدیران باشگاه‌های دارای مجوز از سازمان ورزش و جوانان در شهر تهران بزرگ بود. با توجه به ویژگی‌های جامعۀ آماری شیوۀ نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چندمرحله‌ای در نظر گرفته شد. با استفاده از جدول برآورد حجم نمونۀ جرسی مورگان 280 نفر به‌عنوان نمونه انتخاب شدند. در این تحقیق برای اندازه‌گیری متغیرهای مورد بررسی از پرسشنامۀ استاندارد ویژگی‌های کارآفرینی و پرسشنامۀ عملکرد همپنیوس (2010) استفاده شد. پایایی پرسشنامه با استفاده از ضریب آلفای کرونباخ برای پرسشنامۀ ویژگی‌های کارآفرینانه 96/0 و عملکرد باشگاه 94/0 به‌دست آمد. نتایج تجزیه‌وتحلیل داده‌های تحقیق نشان داد که بین ویژگی‌های کارآفرینی و کلیۀ ابعاد آن و عملکرد باشگاه‌های ورزشی، ارتباط علی معنا‌داری وجود دارد. به آن معنا که هرچه مدیران باشگاه‌ها ویژگی‌های کارآفرینی قوی‌تری داشته باشند و به‌نحو بهتری از این ویژگی‌ها و اطلاعات کارآفرینی استفاده کنند، بر بهبود عملکرد باشگاه تأثیر بیشتری خواهد گذاشت.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Relationship between Entrepreneurial Characteristics of Managers and Performance in Sport Clubs

نویسندگان [English]

  • giti taperashi 1
  • Mohamad Reza Esmaeli 2
  • Abdolreza Amirtash 3

1 Ph.D. Student of Sport Management, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran,

2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran3

3 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

The main aim of the present study was to design a model of the relationship between entrepreneurial characteristics and performance in sport clubs in Tehran city. The population consisted of 1000 managers of those clubs licensed by Sport and Youth Organization in Tehran city. According to the population features, multi-stage cluster sampling method was considered. Using the Jersey Morgan's table of sample size, 280 subjects were selected as the sample. Entrepreneurial Characteristics Standard Questionnaire and Performance Questionnaire (2010) were used to measure the variables. The reliability was obtained using Cronbach's alpha coefficient as 0.96 for Entrepreneurial Characteristics Questionnaire and 0.94 for Club Performance Questionnaire. The results of data analysis showed a significant causal relationship between the entrepreneurial characteristics and all its aspects and performance of sport clubs, that is to say the stronger club managers’ entrepreneurial characteristics and the better they use these characteristics, the more club performance will be improved.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Entrepreneur
  • entrepreneurial characteristics
  • performance
  • sport clubs
  • sport managers
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دوره 9، شماره 4
اسفند 1396
صفحه 777-792
  • تاریخ دریافت: 05 مرداد 1395
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 25 آبان 1395
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 14 آذر 1395
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 اسفند 1396