تبین نقش استقلال شغلی و پیچیدگی وظایف در رفتارهای خلاقانه کارکنان ادارات ورزش و جوانان استان گلستان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار، مدیریت ورزشی، گروه علوم ورزشی، دانشگاه کاشان، کاشان، ایران

2 استادیار گروه تربیت ‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، واحد آزادشهر، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، آزادشهر، ایران

3 استادیار گروه تربیت ‌بدنی و علوم ورزشی، واحد علی‌آباد کتول، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، علی‌آباد کتول، ایران

چکیده

هدف از این تحقیق، تبین نقش استقلال شغلی و پیچیدگی وظایف در رفتارهای خلاقانه کارکنان (220 نفر) ادارات ورزش و جوانان استان گلستان بود. 140 نفر از کارکنان این ادارات به شیوه تصادفی ساده به عنوان نمونه آماری انتخاب شدند. جهت گرد‌آوری داده‌های پژوهش، از پرسش‌‌نامه‌های استقلال شغلی لانگفرد (2005)، پیچیدگی وظایف ماینارد و هاکل (2009) و رفتارهای خلاقانه در محیط کار ژو و جرج (2001) استفاده شد. روایی صوری و محتوایی پرسش‌نامه‌ها توسط متخصصین تأیید و ضریب پایایی پرسش‌نامه‌ها به ترتیب 83/0، 78/0و 79/0 محاسبه گردید. تحلیل داده ها و شناسایی روابط علی بین متغیرها با استفاده از معادلات ساختاری مبتنی بر نرم افزار اسمارت پی. ال. اس نسخۀ 2 صورت گرفت. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که استقلال در برنامه‌ریزی شغلی اثری مثبت و معنی‌دار بر رفتارهای خلاقانه کارکنان دارد (34/0=β، 31/3=t). اثر استقلال در شیوه انجام کارها و استقلال در ارزیابی شغلی بر رفتارهای خلاقانه معنی‌دار نبود. دیگر یافته تحقیق نشان داد پیچیدگی وظایف شغلی اثری منفی و معنی‌دار بر رفتارهای خلاقانه کارکنان دارد (38/0-=β، 38/3=t). همچنین متغیرهای پیش بین تحقیق در مجموع 44 درصد از تغییرات متغیر رفتارهای خلاقانه را تبین می کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Model of Job Autonomy and Task Complexity in Creative Behaviors in Employees of Sport and Youth Offices of Golestan Province

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amir Ghanbarpour Nosrati 1
  • Nasser Bay 2
  • Akram Esfahaninia 3

1 Assistance Professor, Sport management, Department of Physical Education, University of Kashan, Kashan, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Department of Physical Education and Sport Sceinces, Azadshahr Branch, Islamic Azad University, Azadshahr, Iran

3 Assistant Professor of Department of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Aliabad Katool Branch, Islamic Azad University, Aliabad Katool, Iran.

چکیده [English]

The aim of this study was to explain the role of job autonomy and task complexity in creative behaviors of employees of Sport and Youth offices of Golestan province (N=220). 140 employees of these offices were selected as the statistical sample by simple random sampling method. To collect data, Langfred’s (2005) job autonomy, Maynard and Hakel’s (2009) task complexity and Zhou and George’s (2001) creative behaviors in workplace questionnaires were used. Face and content validity of the questionnaires were confirmed by experts and reliability coefficients of the questionnaires were determined respectively as 0.83, 0.78 and 0.79. Data were analyzed and the causal relationships of research variables were identified by structural equation modeling based on Smart PLS 2. Results showed that autonomy in job planning had a positive and significant effect on employees’ creative behaviors (t=3.31, β=0.34). The effects of autonomy in the approaches to do the job and autonomy in job evaluation on creative behaviors were not significant. Results showed that the task complexity of job had a negative and significant effect on employees’ creative behaviors (t=3.38, β= -0.38). Also, predictor variables of the study totally explained 44% of the variation of creative behaviors variable. According to these results, it is suggested that respective managers should identify the individual and organizational factors affecting the employees’ creative behaviors such as empowerment, knowledge sharing, organizational learning culture and organizational support to lay the groundwork for a creative and innovative organization in the field of sport.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Creative Behaviors
  • golestan
  • Job Autonomy
  • job evaluation
  • Task Complexity
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دوره 12، شماره 2
تیر 1399
صفحه 349-368
  • تاریخ دریافت: 01 اسفند 1396
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 27 اردیبهشت 1399
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 07 اسفند 1397
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 تیر 1399