عوامل موثر در نهادینه کردن ورزش همگانی در ایران: عوامل فردی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار مدیریت ورزشی دانشگاه اصفهان، اصفهان، ایران.

2 دکتری مدیریت ورزشی

چکیده

هدف از این تحقیق شناسایی عوامل موثر در نهادینه کردن ورزش همگانی در ایران بود. روش انجام تحقیق کیفی و از نوع اکتشافی بود. جامعه آماری این پژوهش را کلیه افراد متخصص در زمینه ورزش همگانی و نهادینه سازی تشکیل می‌دادند. نمونه ها از طریق روش نمونه‌گیری گلوله برفی انتخاب شدند و تعداد نمونه‌های که با آنها تا رسیدن به اشباع نظری مصاحبه شد 15 نفر بود. روایی مصاحبه ها از طریق بررسی شکل و محتوای سوالات توسط اساتید سنجیده شد و پایایی ابزار تحقیق از طریق روش باز آزمون محاسبه گردید و ضریب پایایی مصاحبه ها 83 درصد بدست آمد. نتایج تحقیق نشان داد چهار دسته عوامل فردی، گروهی، سازمانی و محیطی در نهادینه کردن ورزش همگانی در ایران موثر هستند. با توجه به حجم گسترده عوامل هر دسته، در این مقاله صرفاً عوامل فردی شامل، پذیرش، باور و نگرش، انگیزش، آزادی انتخاب، تعهد، بازخورد و ویژگی های زمینه ای مورد بررسی قرار گرفته است.

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