Document Type : Research Paper


Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran



Introduction: The purpose of this research was to present the model of privatization of sports clubs in Iraq.
The present study is of mixed type and its design is sequential exploratory. In the qualitative study, the research method was thematic analysis, and in the quantitative part, it was a survey. The participants of this research were experts in the qualitative part (university professors, managers and owners of Iraqi sports clubs) and in the quantitative part (staff of sports clubs and members of the Iraqi Basketball Federation). In the qualitative part, 17 people were selected purposefully, and in the quantitative part, 240 questionnaires were answered by easy sampling method. In this study, to check the quality and validity of the results of the qualitative part of the research, Lincoln and Gaba's (1985) evaluation indices, which include validity, transferability, reliability and verifiability, and Cronbach's alpha and construct validity were used in the quantitative part. Then, using Brown and Clark (2006) thematic analysis method, the qualitative information was analyzed, and in the quantitative part, the collected data were analyzed using the structural equation modeling method.
Findings: Through reviewing the interviews conducted with experts, finally 77 final concepts and based on the results of the relationships between the identified concepts, 12 sub-themes and five main themes under the title of context level, interaction level, support level, implementation level and the resulting surface was formed. Also, the results showed that the privatization of sports clubs in Iraq is subject to five levels, the lowest level is the underlying factors and the highest level is the output of the result level system.
Conclusion: Based on this, it is necessary to pay the attention of managers and policy makers to the above-mentioned factors according to their roles in the privatization of sports clubs.


Main Subjects

Raheem, H R.,  & Al Shafia, A H. (2019). Administrative Privatization Trend of Sport Clubs Participating in Iraqi Soccer Primer League. Journal of Physical Education, 31(2), 51-59.
Razavi, M., Chopankare, V., Esmaeili, M., & Afshari, M. (2019). The Analysis of the Components Affecting Privatization of Iran Professional Soccer Clubs. New trends in sport management, 7(25), 81-92. (In persian)