Document Type : Research Paper
PHD of sport management Farhangiyan university, Iran
Professor,SportsManagement Group, Faculty of physical education and sport sciences.Guilan University, Rasht, Iran
Associated professor,social science Group, Faculty of literature and human sciences.Guilan University, Rasht, Iran
Associated Professor,SportsManagement Group, Faculty of physical education and sport sciences. Shahid Bahonar UniversityKerman, Iran
This study was conducted to identify and analysis effective factor of institutionalize sport culture in children and adolescences. Thestatistical population in qualities sector was all professors in field of children and adolescence sport (sample=25) people and in quantity sector was physical education teachers in Iran (n=5682), and the sample was (n= 122) teachers, (66 male, 56 female), in year 94-95, sample chosen randomly in 6city. The instrument was questionnaire, based on Qualities sector of study validity of that proved by 12 university professors and reliability of that calculated by Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient (0.82). Descriptive statistics were utilized to summarize sample characteristics and explore factor analyzing test used to find the main factors data analyzed by exploratory factor analysis by varimax rotation method. Factor analysis showedsix factors can 49.72 percent of institutionalize sport in children and adolescence in view of sport teachers. So effective factor of institutionalize sport culture in children and adolescences must be pay attention by families and country sport planners.
- Draper C, Basset S, Villiers A, Lambert V. Results From South Africa’s 2014 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth Journal of Physical Activity and Health. 2014; 11(1):98-S104.
- Derenowatz C, Steiner P, Brandstetter S, KlenkJ, Wabitsch M, Steinacker, J. Organized Sports, Overweight, and Physical Fitness in Primary School Children in Germany.Journal of Obesity. 2013; 935245:7-9.
- Dahmann N, Wolch J, Joassart-Marcelli P, Reynolds K, Jerrett M. The active city? Disparities in provision of urban public recreation resources. Health & Place. 2010;16: 441-445.
- Schranz N .Results From Australia’s 2014 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and YouthJournal of Physical Activity and Health. 2014: 21-S25.
- Liukkonen J, Jaakkola T, Kokko S, Gråstén A, 1Yli-Piipari S, Koski P et al. Results From Finland’s. Results From Finland’s 2014 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth". Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 11(Supp 1), S51-S57.
- Reza Soltani P, Hasanzadeh A and Ghanbari A.[The Relationship between Breastfeeding and BMI in Primary School Children in Rasht(In Persian)].Journal of Nursing Research. 2010; 5(19): 44 – 35.
- Adibi A, Kelishadi R, BaygahiA, Salehi H R and Talaei, M.[Study of the prevalence of fatty liver in children overweight and obesity compared to normal group (a cross sectional study in Isfahan)(In Persian)]. Journal of Shaheed Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences. 2009;4: 278-270
- Azad Bakhat L, Mirmiran P, Momeni AA and Azizi, F [Evaluation of knowledge, attitude and practice of high school students in District 13 of Tehran in the field of healthy nutrition(In Persian)]. Iranian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services. 2003;5(4):416 – 409.
- Asefi A A, Khabiri M, Asadi H and Goodarzi M [Investigating the Organizational Factors Influencing Institutionalization of Sports in Iran(In Persian)].Sport Management and Sporting Practice, Twentieth Year, Twentieth Century. 2014; 63-76.
- AghajaniN and Naderi Nejad P, [The Role of Mass Media (Publications, Radio and Television) in the Promotion of Public Sports Culture(In Persian)]. Quarterly Journal of First Year Communication. 2011; 1: 140-167 .
- Roshanandal Arbalani T. [Explaining the Place of Public Media in the Establishment of Universal Sport in the Country(In Persian)]., Movement (2007), No. 33, pp. 165-177 .
- Moradi M, Honari H and AhmadiA H ,[Investigating the Fourth Role of Sports Media in the Development of Universal Sports Culture(In Persian)]. Sport Management. 2011;9: 167-180.
- Corbandy S, Eshghizadeh M; Aghamohammadian H R; Ebrahimzadeh S. Safarian, M, [Relationship between childbearing style and obesity of preschool children in Mashhad city(In Persian)]. Afqnand Journal of Gonabad University of Medical Sciences and Health services. 2010; 16(3): 33-40.
- HashemiSZ and Moradi R.[Investigating the role of family in sport sociability(In Persian)]. Journal of Sociology of Iran. 2010; 11(4) 143-168.
- Hooman HA[A Practical Guide to Qualitative Research(In Persian)]. Fourth Edition. Publication of the position. 2012; 15-35.
- Kline p. psychometrics and psychology. London, acaderric press; 1979.
- Kalateh SeyfiriM and Afsaneh Pourk S A.[Childhood Obesity in the Present Age, Teachers and Schools(In Persian)]. Physical education. 2010; 11(2): 51-48.
- HosseiniSV, FanoushehM, Abbaszadeh, and Ehsani, M [Understanding of adolescent girls and their parents in the formation of physical activity in girls(In Persian)]. Growth and Motorization. 2011;13: 61-77.
- Pabayo R, Belsky J, Gauvin L, Curtis S. Do area characteristics predict change in moderate-to-vigorous physical activity from ages 11 to 15 years?. Social Science & Medicine. 2011; 72: 430- 438.
- Ghasemi H and Kashkar S.[Socio-cultural Foundations of Sport(In Persian)]. Tehran, Sports Publishing House; 2012.
- Messing U. A sport policy for the twenty – first centry , ministry of industry , employment and communication. 2000; 33-38.
- Gray E, Barnes J, Bonne JC, Cameron Ch, Chaput J, Faulkner GReport Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth Journal of Physical Activity and Health 2014; 11(1):26-32.
- Wicker P, Hallmann K, Breuer C. Analyzing the impact of sport infrastructure on sport participation using geo-coded data: Evidence from multi-level models. Sport Management Review. 2013; 16: 54-67.
- Merita Irby and joel Tolman. Rethinking leisure Time: Expanding oppor tunities for Young people and communities. 2002; 59-67.