The aim of this study was to determine the effect of organizational entrepreneurship on organizational socialization and organizational commitment in employees of physical education departments of Mazandaran province. This study was a descriptive field survey. The statistical population consisted of all employees of physical education departments of Mazandaran province (N=176). The sample was equal to the statistical population. In order to collect data, organizational entrepreneurship questionnaire (OEQ), organizational socialization questionnaire (OSQ) and organizational commitment questionnaire (OCQ) were used. Descriptive statistics and structural equation modeling (SEM) were used to analyze the data with an emphasis on Amos/18 software. The results showed that organizational entrepreneurship influenced organizational socialization (PC=0.36) and organizational commitment (PC=0.38). Also, organizational socialization influenced organizational commitment (PC=0.26). Generally, organizational entrepreneurship played an important role in determining organizational socialization and organizational commitment in employees of physical education departments.