Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Economics, Lorestan University, Lorestan, Iran

2 2. Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran



Introduction: The purpose of this study was to analyze the role of player's agents in the domestic transfer of football players.
Methods: The research method was descriptive-analytical which was performed by field method and was applied in terms of purpose. The study population included all football players present in the Persian Gulf Premier League. Using Cochran's formula, 226 people were selected by stratified random sampling. The research measurement tool included a researcher-made questionnaire whose content validity, while carefully reviewing the texts and literature of the research, was confirmed by a survey of experts familiar with the field of research (8 people). Other internal consistency indices such as composite reliability, mean extractive variance, maximum common variance and average common variance were examined and confirmed. Also, descriptive statistics methods (mean, standard deviation) and inferential statistics methods (exploratory factor analysis and second-order confirmatory factor analysis) were used to analyze the data.
Results: Findings showed that the most important role of sports agents and brokers in the transferring and pricing the football players respectively include the role of negotiator (0.90), the role of marketer (0.86), the role of lawyer (0.84), Organizer (0.79), accountant (0.75) and supporting one (0.65).
Conclusion: In general, it should be acknowledged that according to the opinions of the statistical sample, the activities of football players' agents are not completely similar, and their previous and diverse work experience often allows them to play different roles.


Main Subjects

  1. Amir E, Livne G. (2005). Accounting, Valuation and Duration of Football Player Contracts. Journal of Business Finance & Accounting. 32(3&4): 549- 586.
  2. Conlin, M., Orsini, J., Tang, M. (2013). The effect of an agent’s expertise on National Football League contract structure. Economics Letters. 121: 275-281.
  3. Damo, A. S. (2014). Training soccer players in Brazil. Soccer & Society. 15(1): 93–107.
  4. Dey, P. k., Banerjee, A., Ghosh, D. N., Mondal, A. Ch. (2014). AHP-Neural Network Based Player Price Estimation in IPL. International Journal of Hybrid Information Technology. 7(3): 15-24.
  5. (2020). Regulations on the Status and Transfer of Players (including COVID-19 temporary amendments). Retrieved from:
  6. Fornalik, J. A. (2013). Players’ Agents’ Role in Football Transfer Market: Evaluating the Need of Improving FIFA Regulations. Entertainment Law Seminar, Chicago-Kent College of Law. 1-34
  7. Herm, S., Callsen-Bracker, H. M., Kreis, H. (2014). When the crowd evaluates soccer players’ market values: accuracy and evaluation attributes of an online community. Sport Management Review. 17(4), 484-492.
  8. Holt, M., Michie, J., Oughton, C. (2006). The Role and Regulation of Agents in football [MSC]. Birkbeck University of London, Research Paper.
  9. KEA, CDES & EOSE. (2010). Study on Sports Agents in the European Union. November 2009. Retrieved on June 11, 2010, from: study_on_sports_agents_in_the.pdf.
  10. Martins, R. B. (2007). The Laurent Piau Case of the ECJ on the Status of Players’ Agents. The International Sport Law Journal. 43: 21-36.
  11. Masteralexis, L. P. (2019). Sport Agency, in Masteralexis, L. P., Barr, C. A. and Hums, M. A. (Sixth Edition), Principles and Practice of Sport Management, Jones and Bartlett Publishers.
  12. Mattarelli, E., Tagliaventi, M.R., Carli, G., Gupta, A. (2017). The Role of Brokers and Social Identities in the Development of Capabilities in Global. Journal of International Management. 23(4): 382-398.
  13. Mirzaee M, Mohammadkazemi R, Khademi M. (2017). The Effect of Sport Brand Development on Brand Equity (Case Study: Persepolis Brand). Journal of Sport Management. 2017: 9(3): 531-548. (In Persian).
  14. Moosavi S Es, Goodarzi, M, Khabiri, M, Alidoost Ghahfarrokhi E. (2019). Design of International Transfer Market for Iranian Iranian footballer. Research in Sport Management and Motor Behavior. 9(17): 99-115. (In Persian).
  15. Müller O, Simons A, Weinmann, M. (2017). beyond crowd judgments: Data-driven estimation of market value in association football. European Journal of Operational Research. 263: 611-624.
  16. Parrish, R. (2007). Regulating Players’ Agents: A Global Perspective. The International Sport Law Journal. 1(2): 38-49.
  17. Poli, R. (2010). Understanding globalization through football: The new international division of labor, migratory channels and transnational trade circuits. International Review for the Sociology of Sport. 45(4): 491-506.
  18. Poli, R., Rossi, G. (2012). Football agents in the biggest five European football markets. An empirical research report.
  19. Raminmehr, H., Charsetad, P. (2016). Quantitative Research Method Using structural Equation Modeling (Lisrel Software). Tehran: Termeh publishing. (in Persian)
  20. Roderick, M. J. (2016). The Work of Professional Football: a labour of love? Routledge, London.
  21. Siekmann, R., Parrish, R., Branco Martins, R., Soek, J. (2007) Player’ Agents Worldwide. Cambridge University Press.
  22. Tayebi M, Soltan Hoseini M, Salimi M, Lenjannejadian Sh. (2022). Comparison of Linear Regression and Artificial Neural Network Methods for Estimating the Price of Iranian Professional Football Players. Sport Management Study. Doi: 10.22089/smrj.2020.8238.2824. (In Persian).
  23. Tayebi, M., Soltan Hoseini, M., Salimi, M., Lenjannejadian, Sh. (2021). Estimate of prices of professional Iranian football players using neural networks. Quarterly Journal of Sport Development and Management. Accepted article in 2020.03.10. (In Persian).
  24. Tayebi, M., Soltan Hoseini, M., Salimi, M., Lenjannejadian, Sh. (2022). Analysis of factors affecting pricing and the value of soccer players. Journal of Sprt Management and Motor Behavior. Accepted article in 2020.03.07. (In Persian).
  25. Tunaru, R., Clark, E., Viney, H. (2005). An option pricing framework for valuation of football players. Review of Financial Economics. 2005: 14: 281-295. doi:10.1016/j.rfe.2004.11.002.
  26. Van der Meij, R. V. (2009). Players’ Agents and the Regulatory Framework on Corruption in International Sports Law. The International Sport Law Journal. 1(2): 43-52.
  27. Yaldo, L., Shamir, L. (2017). Computational Estimation of Football Player Wages. International Journal of Computer Science in Sport. 16(1), 18-38. Doi: 10.1515/ijcss-2017-0002.

Young Journalist Club. (2017). what is the salary of the dreams of Iranian soccer? Young Journalist Club (In Persian). Retrieved from