Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student of Sport Management, Faculty of sports sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Sport Management, Faculty of sport sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

3 Associate Professor of Econometrics, Faculty of Economics and entrepreneurship, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

4 Associate Professor of Sports Management and Director of Research Partnerships, Business School, Latrobe University, Melbourne, Australia


This study aimed to investigate the effect of the sports budget on sports participation in Iran. Panel data for this study were collected for Iranian provinces between 2004 and 2017 from the Iranian Statistics Center, the Ministry of Sports and Youth of Iran, and the National Olympic Committee of Iran. For Data analysis of this study, the quantile regressions were used, and the final results were confirmed by the Bootstrap method. Data analysis of this study was performed using the EViews software 10 versions. The results showed that the sports current budget has a positive and significant effect on sport participation in the decades 0.1, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8 and after the implementation of the Bootstrap in all decades, the effect of sports current budget on sports participation was significant but the effect of sports development budget on sports participation was significant and negative only in the 0.9 decades, and after the implementation of Bootstrap, the effect of sports development budget on sports participation in any decade was not significant. Policymakers should allocate the sports current budget and sports development budget to promote sports participation in accordance with the executive programs and the situation of the province and the observance of distributive justice in addition according to the specific conditions of the country in the face of international sanctions.


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