Document Type : Research Paper


1 M. A. of Sports Management, accounting and management faculty, Farabi campus, university of Tehran, Qom, Iran

2 2- Professor associate of sport management, accounting and management faculty, Farabi campus, university of Tehran, Qom, Iran

3 university of kharazmi

4 4- Professor assistant of sport management, accounting and management faculty, Farabi campus, university of Tehran, Qom, Iran


The purpose of this study was to examine the reasons for citing civil liability in sports venues resulting from physical activity. The research approach, which was exploratory since it initially qualitatively identified the indicators and then used a quantitative method to validate the identified indicators, was mixed. In the qualitative part of the elite, the statistical population was experts and law experts who used theoretical targeted sampling and snowballing with 11 individuals to achieve theoretical saturation, and all sports experts in Qom province who used formulas were in the quantitative part of the statistical population. The sample size was calculated at 245, and 210 statistical samples were used in a quantitative portion after distribution using simple random sampling. In the qualitative part of the interviews and in the quantitative part of the questionnaire, the research instrument was semi-structured. It checked the validity and reliability of the interview and questionnaires. Data analysis was conducted using the thematic analysis approach in the qualitative part and at two stages of open and central coding, and at both descriptive and astronomical levels in the t. The results of the interviews showed that the reasons for the rise in citations were listed as the three key concepts of software, hardware and human resources and 9 sub-themes. Therefore to avoid the formation of legal repercussions


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