Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Sport science, Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Kerman Branch, Iran.

2 Department of Sport Sciences. Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences, Vali-e-Asr University, Rafsanjan, Iran


Introduction: The purpose of this study was to investigate the Role of coaches' leadership styles and development of social culture in Kerman province women's futsal Super League.
Methods: Research method was descriptive- correlation and was carried out based on a field study approach. The statistical population consisted of all players who contributed in women`s Futsal Super League and kerman provincial league in the season 2019-2020 (N=126). The whole population members contributed as a statistical sample in the current research. 103 Questionnaires were returned and data were analyzed from total  of 120. To collect data, a questionnaire leadership scale in Cheladori (1980), and miryousefi et al development of social culture questionnaire (2015) were utilized.
Results: The results of multiple regression analysis indicated that only the leadership styles of the social support behavior and autocratic were capable of anticipating development of social culture within the five-leadership styles.
Conclusion: Based on the underlying results of the current research, it is suggested that the women`s Futsal coaches of the country choose the appropriate leadership styles with respect to the players` personal characteristics as well as team conditions in order to properly control the development of social culture. Further, it is recommended that the coaches pay attention not only to the players` physical preparation, but also to the player’s social and moral factors and no athlete could be successful when he/she has not a cognizant and competent coach.


Abbasi1 M, Khanifar F, Abbasi1 A, Noori1 K. (2020). Investigating the Relationship between Social                                                  Capital, Psychological Capital, and Organizational Performance. Organizational Culture Management, 18(1), 141-163. (In Persian).

Aghaei N, Moradi E. (2016). The effect of the perception of leadership style in sport, practices of applying power by coaches and sport commitment on the satisfaction of athletes (Individual and team disciplines).  Organizational Behavior Management in Sport Studies, 3(10), 77-90. (In Persian).

AhmadzadehA, Mousavi S J, Doosti M. (2014). Identifying the opportunities and cultural challenges of sports in Mazandaran province.  Contemporary studies on sport management, 4(7), 15-29. (In Persian).

Ahmadi B, Yuosefi B, Eydi H. (2018). Good Governance in Sport: The Role of Social Capital in Promoting It. Research on Educational Sport, 6(14), 301-326. (In Persian).

Alfermann D, Geisler G, Okade Y. (2013). Goal orientation, evaluative fear, and perceived coach behavior among competitive youth swimmers in Germany and Japan. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14(3), 307-15.

Babaei Fard A. (2010). Cultural Development and Social Development in Iran. Social Welfare Research Quarterly, 10(37), 7-56. (In Persian).

Bahrami sh. (2018). the effect of social capital and knowledge management on organizational capacity in the staff of the Ministry of Sports and Youth.  Quarterly Journal of Knowledge Retrieval and Semantic Systems, 5(17), 1-18. (In Persian).

Bahrulolum H, Amirtash A.M. (1999). The relationship between organizational culture and management style with job satisfaction of Tehran Physical Education Organization experts. PhD thesis, Tarbiat Moallem University. (In Persian).

Beigomi Z, Khabiri M, Honari H. (2016). Role of Coach’s Leadership Style in Predicting Player’s Emotional Intelligence. Sport Management Review, 37, 201-218. (In Persian).

Besharat M.A. (2005). The effect of emotional intelligence on the quality of social relationships.  Psychological studies, 1(2-3), 25-38. (In Persian).

Bigharaz M, Baqiri GH, Saberi A. (2016). Players' psychological capital: the role of spiritual leadership and social capital. Sports Psychology Studies, 5(17), 139 -156. (In Persian).

Bin Nazarudin M.N, Omar Fauzee M.S, Jamalis M, Geok S.K, & Din A. (2009). Coaching Leadership Styles and Athlete Satisfactions among Malaysian University Basketball Team. Research Journal of International Studies, 9, 4-11.

BroekGert V, Tanja C, Filip B. (2007). Influence of coaches’ behavior on the performance of top sport student in individual and team sports. Proceedings Universidad Bangkok FISU Conference, Thailand.

Chapari L, yoseefy B, zardoshtian SH. (2019). Effect of Coaching Behaviors on Team Cohesion and Performance in Iranian Women’s Premier Soccer League. Contemporary studies on sport management, 9(17), 43-52. (In Persian).

Chelladurai P. (1990). Leadership in sports. A Review Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 21, 328-354.

Chelladurai P, Saleh S. (1980). Dimensions of leader behavior in sports: Development of a leadership scale. Journal of Sport Psychology, 2, 34-35.

Dargahi1 H, Mamaei H. (2020). Study of the relationship between managers' ethical leadership and organizational social responsibility and organizational trust of employees in clinical laboratories of Tehran University of Medical Sciences.  Journal of Laboratory and Diagnosis, 12 (47), 48-61. (In Persian).

Dehshiri M. (2014). The Position of Cultural Synergy in Social Development of the Country.  Iranian Journal of Social Development Studies, 6(2), 26-44. (In Persian).

Dorhaki A, Moghadasi M. (2019). The Study of the Effect of Social Capital and Its Components on Sport Participation in Adolescent Boys and Girls of Jam City in Bushehr Province.   Sport Management, 11(2), 251-271. (In Persian).

Ebrahimi N, Bani Fatemeh H. S. (2014). Investigating the relationship between the level of feeling of social security and the level of social vitality among the staff of East Azerbaijan province.   Iranian Social Science Studies, 2(41), 1-21. (In Persian).

Farahani A, Keshavarz L, Ghasemi H, Azizian N. (2014). Analysis of Social Capital of Academic Members of Physical Education Faculties in Iran. Applied research in sports management, 3(1), 127-138. (In Persian).

Farzalian E, Ganji M, Niazi M. (2019). Investigating the role of social, cultural and economic capital in the tendency of citizens to live a life-oriented lifestyle. Social Studies and Research in Iran, 8 (2), 379-410. (In Persian).

Ghanbarpour Nosrati A, Seghar A. (2016). Modeling the Effect of Coaches’ Leadership Styles on Athletes’ Satisfaction in Iran Track and Field Premier League.   Physiological research and management in sports, 6(11), 1-10. (In Persian).

Hatami S. (2016). The relationship between the leadership styles of coaches, team solidarity and seeking success motivation in Iran premier league teams.   Sport management studies, 7( 33), 1-14. (In Persian).

Karimi M. (2012). The effect of dimensions of coach’s leadership styles on success motivation and team performance of women players of volleyball teams in Khuzestan.   (Unpublished master's thesis). Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, Shahid Chamran University of Ahwaz, Iran. (In Persian).

Keatlholetswe L, Malete L. (2019). Coaching Efficacy, Player Perceptions of Coaches’ Leadership Styles, and Team Performance in Premier League Soccer. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 90(1), 71-79.

Mehregan N, Daliri H. (2015). Investigating the Relationship between Social Capital and Human Development in Iranian Provinces.  Research on Sustainable, 2, 117-136. (In Persian).

Mengitu S, Babu M. (2012). The relationship between coaches' leadership styles and team cohesion in Ethiopian premier league soccer clubs. International Journal of Social Science & Interdisciplinary Research, 1(11), 110-121.

Miryousefi S. J, Ramzaninezhad R, Rahmati M. M. (2017). Role of development of social culture in Cultural Development of Athletic Sport. Journal of Human Resource Management in Sport, 4(1), 131-146. (In Persian).

Mohammadi S, dolati M. (2016). The relationship between leadership styles and coaches power bases in the satisfaction of Kurdistan province volleyball league Players.  Contemporary studies on sport management, 6(11), 1-10. (In Persian).

Moharramzadeh M, Khodamradpour M, Kashif S M. (2016). The effect of the mediating variable of customer experience on the relationship between managers' social responsibility and customer loyalty of sports clubs. Sports management, 6 (35), 941-956. (In Persian).

Moradi S. (2018). Explaining the relationship between social capital and organizational learning with respect to the mediating role of knowledge sharing in faculty members of Islamic Azad University Islamshahr Branch, A New Approach in Educational Management in the Eleventh Year of Summer 2016, 2. (In Persian).

Moslehi A, Doosti M, Safaniya A M. (2015). An Investigation of the Relationship among Coaches' Leadership Styles, Group Cohesion and Team Success: A Case Study of First Division Futsal League in Mazandaran Province.  Sport management, 7(4), 501-512. (In Persian).

Najafi1 F, Heydarinejad S, Shetabbushehri S N. (2018). The Relationship between the Leadership Style of Coaches, Group Cohesion and Competitive Anxiety in Women's Futsal Premier League. Sport Management Studies, 47, 185-204. (In Persian).

Nami A. (2012). The relationship between leadership style and emotional intelligence coach of Tehran University. (Unpublished master's thesis). Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Science, Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch, Iran. (In Persian).

Norbakhsh P, Bazmavard S. (2016). The relationship between coaches 'leadership styles with sports identity and athletes' satisfaction in selected team and individual sports.  Journal of Sports Management and Motor Behavior, 12(24), 121-134. (In Persian).

Ramezaninejad R, Hosseyni-keshtan M, & Ehsani M. (2017). Therelationship between coaches’ leadership styles and group cohesion football players in premier league Iran. Olympic Journal, 18(1), 57-68. (In Persian).

Range A.V.B, Eys M.A. (2020). Team Cohesion & Team Success in Sport. Journal of Sport Scince, 20 (2), 126-119.

Saffarian M, Adhami A, Moradi A. (2019).  Understanding the relationship between health and social vitality with social indifference of young people: A case study of Kermanshah. Urban Sociological Studies, 31. (In Persian).

Sanjari N, Blash F. (2019). Identifying the relationship between moral intelligence and social support with social responsibility of junior high school girls.  Educational Research, 39, 37-55. (In Persian).

Sheykh-Yosofi R, Vahdani M, Moharamzade M. (2013). The relationship between leadership styles and group cohesion basketball teams in the tenth Sports Olympiad country male students.  Sport Management Studies, (17), 71-86. (In Persian).

Sobhani Y, Mohammadi S, Hatami S. (2017). Designing a model of the effect of social responsibility on private sports complexes in Kermanshah on customer behavior and attitude.  Sports Management, 2 (37), 359-372. (In Persian).

Stewart C, Marciniec Sh, Joyner-McGraw Laquita, Seungmin Ha. (2020). Leadership and corrorate social responsibility in sports: if you are not first,you are last", International Journal of Business & Public Administration, 17(2), 86-100.

Vahdani M, Moharramzadeh M, Aghaei M, Hussein Pour A. (2012). The relationship between coach’s leadership style and team cohesion of Urmia elected Teams of students.  Sport Management, 14, 49-65. (In Persian).