Introduction: In order to benefit and optimize the performance of players, one of the strategies of managers is to use effective diversity management, so the main purpose of this study was to provide a multi-level model of effective diversity management in Iranian Football Premier League clubs.
Methods: This research is applied in terms of purpose and in terms of method, it is a sequential mix. The statistical population included researches available in reputable scientific databases in the field of diversity management as well as professors, managers, coaches and players. The sampling method was purposeful and the identification of factors was done by meta-combination method and determining the relationships between them with the help of interpretive structural modeling.
Results: The results showed that effective diversity management is classified into 4 levels: individual, team, club and social. This model includes 8 types of outcomes at the individual level including efficiency and effectiveness, growth and development, welfare and well-being, lack of identity concern, commitment and responsibility, higher self-efficacy, increased motivation, effort, satisfaction and loyalty. At the club level, it also includes four factors: communication and coordination, fair behavior, integration of differences and team cohesion, and participation in tactical decision-making. At the club level, it has referred to the policies and processes of club management, and at the social level, it has identified factors such as legislation, socio-economic status and culture.
Conclusion: Football clubs in Iran should focus more on the principles of diversity management at different individual, team, club and social levels