Document Type : Research Paper


1 Lecturer of Sports Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science of Islamic Azad University Tehran Central Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Professor of Sports Management , Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science of Islamic Azad University Tehran Central Branch, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor of Sports Management Faculty of Physical Education and Sports Science of Islamic Azad University Tehran Central Branch, Tehran, Iran


The purpose of this paper is the study of Iran’s law related to the Iranian women sports activities. This study is a descriptive research and the main source of study is the Iran’s Law passed from the beginning of the Islamic Revolution till 2016. Studying of the laws shows that in passing the laws, sports activities of the women is not directly mentioned in Constitution of Iran and other laws and legislator only pointed out to the social affairs. As sex segregation is not done in these laws it implies that they are applicable for all people and they are passed for women and men equally. On the other hand the sex segregation is applied in other laws in favor of women which possibly means that these laws are passed due to shortage of the other law’s enforcement and existence of discrimination in executing the laws. Hence in regards of the passing the laws it could be concluded that at least there is no main issues however in executing the laws, deficiency is witnessed because of shortage of the laws enforcement that even passing new laws in favor of women could not resulted any extensive improvement in women’s sports activities.


1. Arnd Krüger (2003). Germany, in: James Riordan & Arnd Krüger (eds.): European Cultures in Sport. Examining the Nations and Regions. Bristol: Intellect 2003, 57 – 88
2. Ehsani. M, Kouzehchian. H, Keshkar. S. (2015). Investigating and analyzing the preventing factors and participation rate of women in Tehran in recreational and sports activities. Research on Sport Sciences. 17, 63-87 (Persian)
3. Barforoush. A. (2010). Soprts magazines content study for fourth quarter of 1388. Office of studies and media development, deputy of press and information of Ministry of Culture and Islamic Guidance (Persian).
4. Physical Education Organization (National center of management and development of sports of the country) (2005). Detailed study of development of the championship sports. 1st Ed., Tehran, Sibesabz Publications.
5. Ghazi Tabatabaei, M., Fathi, R. (2015). The impact of cultural understanding on admission of civil rights laws concerning women. Journal of Social Problems of Iran. 18, 305-326 (Persian).
6. Sarrafi, Mozaffar (1992). Planning theory and development, Discussion Paper No, 32.Vancouver, UBC School of Regional Planning. World Commission
7. Seydaali Bakhtiari, M. (2012). Women's participation placement in sustainable development of Central Zagros. Women’s News service of Ibnanews, Monday, May 14, 2012; 12:46 (Persian).
8. Shojaei. Z. (2004, a). Tomorrow’s women: lectures and papers proceedings of Zahra Shojaei; Consultant of the President and chief of women’s participation affairs. 2nd volume, Tehran. Rooz-e-No (Persian).
9. Zaferanchi. LS. (2006). Women and family in four development plan. The Quarterly Journal of Women’s Book. 33, 105-107 (Persian).
10. Mousavi Rad. S.T., Farahani. A., Bayat. P. (2015). Prioritization of Women Management Barriers in Sports by Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP). Applied Research of Sport Management. 5(1), 111-119 (Persian).
11. Shirzad MollaBashi. Sh., Farahani A., Assad M.R. (2014). Factors affecting the women's managerial appointment in the Ministry of youth affairs and sports. Sport Management and Development. 6(1), 37-51 (Persian).
12. Motameni. A., Hemati. A, Moradi. H. (2014). Identifying and prioritizing the barriers for women's sports activities. Sport Management Studies. 6(24), 111-130 (Persian).
13. Afrakhteh. H., Saraei. S. (2013). Women's placement in fourth and fifth five-year development plans of Islamic Republic of Iran. Women's Studies Sociological and Psychological. 11(3), 133-158 (Persian).
14. Tajik Esmaeili, A. (1998). Application of research results; bottlenecks and solutions. Education Research. 8, 8-9 (Persian).
15. Women’s participation affairs center (2005). 3rd Development plan law; 1379-1383. Tehran. Rooz-e-No and center of women’s affair and family (Persian).
16. Rasekh. N, Sadjadi. SN, Hamidi. M, Khabiri. M. (2015) Design and development of strategic plan for championship sports of Iranian women. Sport Management. 7(3), 309-334 (Persian).