Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. in sport management, Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


The purpose of this study was the effect of 90 sport program in Iranian football referees regarding sport program 90. Method of data collection was a questionnaire that prepared by the researcher the Validity of the instrument was confirmed through consulting 15 scholars. The reliability of the questionnaire was calculated 0.82.Also, 180 Referees and assistant referees in the Pro League and one category league were the population for this study. 123 Questionnaires were distributed in a completely randomized. We use One-sample t-test to identify the sample mean. The results showed that sport program90 had positively and negatively effect on Referees and assistant referees. Referees and assistant referees both positive and negative attitudes toward sport program90.On the positive dimension (77%) from a sample of 123 subject’s believed that controversial players and coaches during competition introduced to the referees. Also, about 67 percent of them believe that the program has led referees to cover their weaknesses. Finally, the 90 sports program with accurate expertise of the referees performance in each match and covering the positive points of the referees judgment can help reduce the referees mistakes and improve the their performance.


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