Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Psychology, Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran.

2 Golestan University, faculty of human and social science, department of physical educations and sport sciences, Gorgan, Iran

3 Associate Professor Golestan University, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Department of Sociology and Communication, Gorgan, Iran


Objective: The main purpose of designing the sports politeness questionnaire is to convert the answers into data, which is an important part of the scientific research and its standardization for students. Politeness means accepting the feelings of others in order to deal with them appropriately. It also includes behavior in an appropriate manner and considering its aspects in individual social relationships. By increasing the level of sports politeness among athletes in society, it is possible to prevent cultural and moral degeneration among different groups, especially children, teenagers and youth. Methodology: The statistical population was students of Golestan University (3951), of which 384 were selected (Krejcie & Morgan table) and the proportional stratified random sampling method was used to select the samples. The reliability of the questionnaire was confirmed by using Cronbach's alpha coefficient test (0.84) and the Split-half test (0.78). Content validity is 0.99 based on the agreement coefficient. Result: As a result, using exploratory factor analysis technique; Three factors of respect, moral model and self-sacrifice were identified as the main dimensions of the concept of sports propriety. Conclusion: The Sports politeness Questionnaire is a reliable and valid scale that can be used to assess the level of sports politeness among students and show valid results. It is Suggested that future research use this questionnaire in different sample and fields.


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