Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD, Department of Sport Management, Ayatollah Amoli Branch, Islamic Azad University, Amol, IRAN

2 Associate Professor, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Mazandaran University, Babolsar, IRAN


The aim of this study was to develop a citizenship sport model in Tehran metropolis. This study was fundamental conducted by a qualitative method in two stages. During the first stage, 25 experts had in-depth interviews using grounded theory. The data were analyzed by Charmaz approach and the primary model was extracted. In the second stage, the model derived from the previous stage was handed out to the Delphi team consisting of 6 sport management experts in 3 phases in order to be checked and confirmed. The results showed that macro policy making, developmental requirements, the role of the organization responsible for citizenship sport, sport city, urban unit management and ultimately the metropolitan environment of Tehran were those factors affecting the citizenship sport. Therefore, it seems that the authorities, policymakers and urban management should understand the real meaning of citizenship sport and identify the factors influencing this type of sport based on the model of this study so that they can lay the groundwork for maximum participation of citizens. Also, they should properly promote culture and media advertising so that they can not only enhance social well-being and cheerfulness, but also strengthen the foundations of urban economy and welfare and turn the Tehran metropolis into a well-known sport city in the region.


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