Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD of Strategic Management in Sporting Organizations and Events, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

2 Professor, Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran


The Effect of Social Undermining on Employees Innovative Behavior in Ministry of Sports and Youth of Iran with Role Moderetor Trust Orgonazition.


The purpose of this study was the Effect of Social Undermining on Employees Innovative Behavior in Ministry of Sports and Youth of Iran with Role Modertor Trust Orgonazition. The Research Method Was Descriptive Survey and it is one Type of Apply Research. The Statistical Population included all Employees the Ministry of Sports and Youth that their Number Was 400 People through Proportional Stratified Random Sampling, and 230 People Were Selected as Statistical Sample. For Data Collection we Used to three Questionnaires of Innovative Behaviour Scott and Bruce (1994), Social Undermining Duffy and et al (2002), and Orgonazition Trust Paliszkiewicz (2010). For Data Analyze, We Used to Structural Equation Modeling (S E M) and Path Analysis by the AMOS24 Software. The Results Showed a Significant and negative Relationship between Social Undermining with Innovative Behaviour. Also, the role of the organizational trust moderating variable in the relationship between Social Undermining and Innovative Behaviour is confirmed. There fore, it can be concluded that any Increase in organizational trust in the Ministry of Youth and Sports Dicreases the Social Undermining and to updated Causing Innovative employee behavior.

Ministry of Sports and Youth, Colleagues undermining and supervisors,Orgonazition Trust, Innovative Behavior,Structural Equation Modeling.


  1. Zamani, A. (2003). Creativity and Innovation in Organizations, Collaborators. (In Persian)
  2. Chang, H. T; Chou, Y. J; Liou, J. W. & Tu, Y. T. (2016). The effects of perfectionism on innovative behavior and job burnout: Team workplace friendship as a moderator. Personality and Individual Differences; 96, 260-265.
  3. Ren, F. & Zhang, J. (2015). Job Stressors, Organizational Innovation Climate, and Employees’ Innovative Behavior. Creativity Research Journal; Volume 27, pp. 16-23.
  4. Saadat, E. & Sadaghi, M. (2006). Designing a Model for the planning of creativity in research institutions of the country, journals of Scientific-Research Daneshvar Raftar; Issue 14. (In Persian)
  5. Hepburn Gail, C. & Enns, J. R. (2013). Social undermining and well-being: the role of communal orientation, Journal of Managerial Psychology, Vol. 28 Iss 4 pp. 354 - 366.
  6. Scott, Kristin L; Ingram, A; Zagenczyk, T. J. and Shoss, M. K. (2015). Work–family conflict and social undermining behaviour: An examination of PO fit and gender differences. The British Psychological Society, Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 88, 203–218.
  7. Duffy, K; Scott, L; Shaw, D; Tepper, J; Aquino, K. (2012). A Social Context Model of Envy and Social Undermining, Academy of Management Journal, Vol. 55, No. 3, 643–666.
  8. Dar Ong, L., Tay, A. (2015). The Effects of co-workers social undermining behaviour on employees work behaviours, Istanbul International Academic Conference Proceedings, Istanbul, Turkey: 10-18.
  9. Hershcovis, M. (2011). Incivility, Social Undermining, Bullying…oh my: A Call to Reconcile Constructs within Workplace Aggression Research, Journal of Organizational Behavior, 32(3): 499–519.
  10. Flogger, R; Cropanzano, R. (1998). Organizational Justice and Human Resource Management, Foundations for, Organizational Science, a sage publications series.
  11. Duffy, M. K; Ganster, D. C; Shaw, J. D; Johnson, J. L; Pagon, M. (2006). The Social context of undermining behavior at work. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 101, 105-12.
  12. Imani, P. (2015). A Survey of Social Undermining in Today's Organizations: Second International Conference on Management Challenges and Solutions, Shiraz. (In Persian)
  13. Feldman, D. C., Ng, T. W. H., & Lam, S. S. K. (2010). Psychological contract breaches, organizational commitment, and innovation-related behavior: A latent growth modeling approach. Journal of Applied Psychology, 95, 744–751.
  14. Shalley, C. E., Zhou, J. & Oldham, G. R. (2004). The effects of personal and contextual characteristics on creativity: Where should we go from here? Journal of Management, 30, 933–958.
  15. Choi, J. N. & Chang, J. Y. (2009). Innovation implementation in the public sector: An integration of institutional and collective dynamics. Journal of Applied Psychology, 94, 245–253.
  16. Anderson, N., De Dreu, C. K. & Nijstad, B. A. (2004). The routinization of innovation research: A constructively critical review of the state-of-the-science. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25, 147–173.
  17. Blau, P. (1964). Exchange and power in social life. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
  18. Thomas, W. H. NG. and Feldman, D. C. (2012). Age and innovation-related behavior: The joint moderating effects of supervisor undermining and proactive personality. Journal of Organizational Behavior, Published online in Wiley Online Library ( DOI: 10.1002/job.1802.
  19. Chuan Yu, M; Mai, Q; Bing Tsai, S. and Dai, Y. (2018). An Empirical Study on the Organizational Trust, Employee-Organization Relationship and Innovative Behavior from the Integrated Perspective of Social Exchange and Organizational Sustainability, Sustainability, 10, 864; DOI: 10.3390/su10030864
  20. Eidipour, K; Nazari, Sh; Bakhit, M. (2017). The Impact of Social Undermining on Organizational Performance of Tehran's Sports and Youth Department with the role of mediation in occupational conflict. Organizational Behavioral Management Studies in Sport Volume 4, No. 41, summer 2013, Pages: 61-1. (In Persian)
  21. Durden, E. D; Hill, T. D. & Angel, R. J. (2007). Social Demands, Social Supports and Psychological Distress among Low Income Women, Journal of Social and Personal Relationships, 24: 343-361.
  22. Duffy, M. K; Ganster, D. C; Pagon, M. (2002). Social Undermining in the Workplace, Academy Of Management Journal, 45, Pp: 331-352.
  23. Wang, M. L., Pbert, L. and Lemon, S. C. (2014). The influence of family, friend, and coworker social support and social undermining on weight gain prevention among adults. Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.) 22 (9): 1973-1980. doi:10.1002/oby.20814,
  24. Andersson, L. M. & Pearson, C. M. (1999). Tit for tat? The spiraling effect of incivility in the workplace. Academy of Management Review, 3, 452-471.
  25. Janssen, O. (2005). The joint impact of perceived influence and supervisor supportiveness on employee innovative behavior. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology, 78, 573–579.
  26. Scott, S. G. and Bruce, R. A. (1994). Determinants of Innovative Behavior: A Path Model of Individual Innovation in the Workplace, the Academy of Management Journal. 1994 Jun; Vol. 37, No. 3: pp. 580-607. Published by: Academy of Management; Stable URL:
  27. Safari, S; Tondnavis, F; Hadavi, F. (2011). The relationship between organizational structure and innovation of staff experts of Physical Education Organization of Iran, Two Quarterly Researches in Sport Management and Motor Behavior, First year (ninth consecutive), No. 1 (17th series) Spring and summer. (In Persian)
  28. Rubin, R. S., Bommer, W. H. and Bachrach, D. G. (2010). Operant leadership and employee citizenship: A question of trust? Leadership Quarterly, 21(3): 400-408.
  29. Cole, M. S., Walter, F. and Bruch, H. (2008). Affective mechanisms linking dysfunctional behavior to performance in work teams: A moderated mediation study, Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(5): 945-958.
  30. Nyhan, R. C. (2000). Changing the paradigm: trust & its role in public sector organizations, American Review of Public Administration, 30 (1), 87-109.
  31. McAllister, D. J. (1995). Affect- & cognition-based trust as foundations for interpersonal cooperation in organizations, Academy of Management Journal, 38(1), 24-59.
  32. Shockley-Zalabak, P., Ellis, K. & Winograd, G. (2000). Organizational trust: what it means, why it matters, Organization Development Journal, 18 (4), 35-48.
  33. Choi, J. N. (2006). Multilevel and cross-level effects of workplace attitudes and group member relations on interpersonal helping behaviour, Human Performance, 19(4), 383-402.
  34. Taylor, R. D. (2014). Kin Social Undermining, Adjustment and Family Relations Among Low-Income African American Mothers and Adolescents: Moderating Effects of Kin Social Support, Journal of Child and Family Studies, 15(5):1-14.
  35. Paliszkiewicz, J. (2010). Organizational trust – a critical review of the empirical research, w: Proceedings of 2010 International Conference on Technology Innovation and Industrial Management, 16-18 June 2010 Pattaya, Thailand.
  36. Tay, A. (2011). Trust in Co-workers as a Mediator of Co-workers’ Trust worthiness, Social Undermining Behaviour, and Job Performance. Faculty of Business and Accountancy University of Malaya Kuala Lumpur.
  37. Mahdad, A; Dehghan, A; Golparvar, M; Shoja, A. (2012). The Relationship between the Components of the Psychological Health of the Work Environment and the Organizational Commitment and Organizational Trust of the Employees of the Sarkhon and Qeshm Gas Refinery Companies, Knowledge and Research in Applied Psychology, 13th, No. 2. (In Persian)
  38. Panahi, B. (2008). Trust and confidence building in the organization, Peyk Light, Seventh Year, No. 4, pp. 88-103.(In Persian)
  39. Arshadi, N; Piriaee, S; Zare, R. (2011). The role of moderating personality traits in the relationship between perceived deprivation in the workplace and deviant behavior of the workplace, Journal of Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 6, No. 3, pp. 221-230. (In Persian)
  40. Nasr Esfahani, A; Amiri, Z; Farrokhi, M; Seyfi, M. (2017). The Effect of Spirituality in the Workplace on Social Undermining with Mediating Role: Organizational Ethical Climate (Case Study: Social Security Organization of Isfahan). Applied Sociology, Year 28, Serial No. (66), No. 2, Summer 96. (In Persian)