Document Type : Research Paper


1 Associated Professor of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran

2 PhD of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran

3 Student of PhD Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran


The aim of this study was to identify and rank sport development factors in Mazandaran University. This research was applied and mixed in terms of method. The sampling method was purposive and convenience. The statistical population included professors and experts of physical education, managers and deputies of the Physical Education Department in Mazandaran University. In the first stage, development factors were identified using interviews with 20 subjects from the statistical population. In the second and third stages, the identified factors were analyzed by Delphi group (20 subjects) and those factors that received at least 60% of positive responses stayed for the next stage. In the final stage, the identified factors in the 3 previous steps were ranked using the 5-point Likert scale. Friedman test in the form of SPSS software was used to rank factors. Based on the findings, the most important factors for sport development in Mazandaran University were service and easy access to sport facilities, university authorities’ support of student sports, advertising and information among students, the existence of sponsors for sport teams and human resources education. Therefore, university deans should pay attention to the identified factors in order to develop the sport of Mazandaran University.


  1. Asefi, Ahmad Ali; Asadi Dastjerdi, Hasan. "The study of development of sport for all obstacles in Tehran city state universities and the development of its practical solutions". Sports Management. 2016: 8 (6), pp. 823-844. [In Persian] 
  2. Badri Azin, Ya'qub; Talebiannia, Hossein; Salmani, Ali. "Gymnastics sport human resource development strategies". Sports Management Studies, 2013: 19, 81-92. [In Persian] 
  3. Chin, M.-K., Edginton, C. R., Tang, M.-S., Phua, K.-W., & Yang, J.-Z. :School and Community-Based Physical Education and Healthy Active Living Programs: Holistic Practices in Hong Kong, Singapore, and the United States". Global Perspectives on Childhood Obesity. 2011: (pp. 345-357): Elsevier.
  4. Danylchuk, K. E., & MacLean, J. "Intercollegiate athletics in Canadian universities: Perspectives on the future". Journal of sport management. 2001: 15(4), 364-379.
  5. Davoudzadeh, Kamellia; Borjalilu, Somayyeh; Safania, Ali Mohammad. "The priority of internet usage components for the development of academic sport". Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research. 2015: 13 (4), 51-64. [In Persian] 
  6. Ghahremani, Ali Akbar; Taghvaeai, Leila (2016). "Performance evaluation of university of applied science of guilan based on EFQM organization excellence model". Development and evolution Management, Special Letter. 2017: pp. 247-263. [In Persian] 
  7. Ghasemi, Hamid; Emami, Mina; Eftekhari, Ozra. "Investigating the impact of the dimensions of academic sport development from mass media (Case Study: Iran's Payame Noor Universities)". Communication Management in Sports Media. 2017: 4 (16), pp. 34-44. [In Persian] 
  8. Hamidi, Mehrzad; Elahi, Alireza; Akbari Yazdi, Hossein. "Editing developing strategies for developing staff structure of student sports in Iran". Research in Sport Sciences. 2010: 26, 27-40. [In Persian]
  9. Hamidi, Mehrzad; Elahi, Alireza; Akbari Yazdi, Hossein; Hamidi, Mohsen. "Student sports of the Islamic republic of Iran: prospects and development strategies". Sports Management Studies. 2011: 12, 13-26. [In Persian]

10. Heydari, Najmeh. "Investigating the motivation of volunteering forces of physical education students in sport of Sistan and Baluchestan University." Third National Conference on Sport Sciences and Physical Education of Iran, Tehran, Association for the Promotion of Science and Technology, .html. 2017: PP:3[In Persian]

11. Hosseini, Gelaleh; Hamidi, Mehrzad; Tejari, Farshad. "Developing a strategic plan for student sports in Islamic Azad University". Sports Management. 2012: 15, 15-33. [In Persian] 

12. Karimullahi, Zahra; Atghia, Zahra; Mokhtari Dinani, Maryam. "The effect of environmental characteristics of sports spaces on customer attraction; according to the concept of responding environments (case study: Tehran Revolutionary Sports Complex)". New Approaches to Sport Management. 2015: 3 (11), 33-46. [In Persian] 

13. Lee, S. A., Ju, Y. J., Lee, J. E., Hyun, I. S., Nam, J. Y., Han, K.-T., & Park, E.-C. "the relationship between sports facility accessibility and physical activity among Korean adults". BMC public health. 2016: 16(1), 1-8.

14. Manafi, Fereydoun; Ramezani Nejad, Rahim; Goharrostami, Hamid Reza; Pourkiani, Mohammad. "The influence of infrastructure factors on development of sports participation in Iranian state universities". Research in academic sport. 2017: 9, 65-90. [In Persian] 

15. Manafi, Fereydoun; Ramezani Nejad, Rahim; Goharrostami, Hamid Reza; Dastom, Salah. "Analysis of the trend of the development of university sports in Iran in the first to fifth development plans". Management and development of sports. 2014: 6 (1), 67-86. [In Persian]

16. Masmanidis, T., Gargalianos, D., & Kosta, G. "Perceived constraints of Greek university students’ participation in campus recreational sport programs". Recreational Sports JournaL. 2009:33(2), 150-166.

17. Mehdizadeh, Rahime; Andam, Reza. "Public sport strategies in Iranian Universities". Sport Management Studies. 2014: 22, 15-38. [In Persian] 

18. Mirzazadeh, Zahrasadat; Shajie, Kianoush. "Designing and editing a strategy for the development of academic sport (Case study: Ferdowsi University of Mashhad Physical Education Department)". Research in Sport Exercise. 2017: 12, pp. 61-78. [In Persian] 

19. Mohammadi, Ali; Kalateh Seifri; Masoumeh; Farzan; Farzam; Razavi; Seyyed Mohammad Hossein. "Design the paradigm pattern of sports of the technical university based on foundation data theory". Sports Management Studies, No. 2017: 13, pp. 215-230. [In Persian] 

20. Nam, B. H., Hong, D., Marshall, R. C., & Hong, J. "Conflicts among stakeholders regarding the new academic system in the Korea University Sport Federation". International Journal of Sport Policy and Politics. 2018: 10(3), 1-17.

21. Popeska, B., Barbareev, K., & Janevik-Ivanovska, E. "Organization And Realization Of University Sport Activities In Goce Delcev University-Stip". Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences. 2015: 197, 2293-2303.

22. Ramezani, Mahmoud; Andam, Reza; Aghaei, Ali Akbar. "Designing a strategic plan for physical education at Shahrood University". Research in academic sport. 2014: 7, 15-40. [In Persian] 

23. Sotiriadou, K., Shilbury, D., & Quick, S. "The attraction, retention/transition, and nurturing process of sport development: some Australian evidence". Journal of sport management. 2008: 22(3), 247-272.

24. Wang, D.-B., & Lu, W.-J. "The Construction and Application of Functional Indexes of Colleges and Universities in the Development of Sports Industry—Analysis Based on Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Method". Eurasia journal of mathematics science and technology education. 2017: 13(8), 6027-6036.

25. Zarei, B., Khodamoradpoor, M., & Rezaei, S. "Designing the student’s sports development strategy in kermanshah university". European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science. 2017: Volume 3, Issue 6, pp: 72-84.

26. Zohrehvandian, Karim; Ebrahimi, Fereshteh. "Presenting a proposed model for the placement of sports grounds using the integration of GIS and multi-criteria decision-making methods (MCDM)". Sports Management Studies. 2013: 21, 111-126. [In Persian] 

27. Zvapano, K. Challenges in the management of sport in unversities in Zimbabwe. (Thesis). Zimbabwe Open University. Retrieved from 2017. PP: 35.