Document Type : Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Student of Sport Management, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

2 Professor, Department of Physical Education and Sport Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.


The aim of the present study was to determine the structural relationships of organizational identity, organizational commitment, organizational voice, and employee productivity. The research method was descriptive-correlational (structural equation modeling) and the statistical population consisted of 300 employees working at the physical education departments of Islamic Azad universities throughout the country in 2016 who were surveyed using census sampling method. Participants included 206 subjects (174 males and 32 females), who completed the questionnaires of organizational identity (Mile and Asforth, 1992), organizational commitment (Allen and Meyer, 1990), organizational voice (Ismailzadeh, 2013) and human resources productivity (Hersey and Goldsmith, 1980). The collected data were analyzed using partial least squares method and Smart PLS software. The findings showed that organizational identity had no direct and significant effect on organizational voice and productivity and its positive effects were mediated by organizational commitment. Also, organizational commitment directly and indirectly had a positive effect on productivity through organizational voice. Organizational voice also directly had a significant and positive effect on productivity. Based on these findings, creating and strengthening organizational identity can improve organizational commitment and voice behaviors of employees, and thereby add to their productivity.


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