Document Type : Research Paper



The aim of this study was to analyze the legal barriers affecting the implementation of general polices of article 44 in Iran professional football. With respect to the main aim of the study, the methodology was qualitative. Authorities and experts underwent qualitative interviews and the most important legal barriers to the implementation of general policies of article 44 in Iran professional football were identified. The sample consisted of those who had the most relevant data of the subject of the study. The viewpoints of 26 subjects in the framework of 35 interviews were used and data collection was finished until theoretical saturation. In accordance with qualitative researches, data were analyzed simultaneously with data collection. Results showed that the most  important legal barriers to the implementation of general policies of article 44 included the lack of comprehensive rules and regulations of privatization, continual changes in rules and regulations, legal problems of TV rights and copyright, some problems and deficits in rules and regulations such as labor law, tax rules and service management rules, outdated rules of the establishment and management of Sport Ministry (Physical Education Organization) and sport clubs, multiplicity of decision makers in privatization and resignation of professional clubs, inconsistency of executive rules and policies, lack of control and supervision rules to control the implementation processes of general policies of article 44, indeterminate ownership of most clubs from legal viewpoint, legal problems in contract registration, indolence of the government and Sport Ministry to present effective and efficient bills.


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