Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student, Faculty of sport Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran

2 Faculty of sport Sciences, Razi University, Kermanshah, Iran


The sport governance observer (SGO) aims to inform sport federations about how to organize their affairs in an effective manner and to monitor their governance practices. The aim of this study was to identify indicators and to determine sport governance index in federations. The method was mixed and of sequential exploratory kind. The statistical population in the qualitative section consisted of experts (N=15) and in quantitative section consisted of 224 heads of sport boards in Hamedan, Kermanshah and Kurdistan provinces. Interview was used in qualitative section and a questionnaire designed in accordance with the identified factors was applied in quantitative section. In divergent validity of the questionnaire, exploratory factor analysis (Varimax rotation) identified four factors: transparency, democracy, inspection and solidarity (0.58% of the variance explanation) and 25 indicators in the index structure. In convergent validity, confirmatory factor analysis confirmed the four extracted factors and the reliability of the index was high using Cronbach’s alpha (0.91). The findings showed that sport governance observer index score was for transparency (2.67), democracy (2.56), inspection (2.42) and solidarity (2.43). Final score was %38 and less than average. These results identified sport governance factors to prioritize and plan measures in sport federations.


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