Document Type : Research Paper


1 A

2 Associate professor of Islamic Azad University- Karaj branch


The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of physical activity on productivity, reducing absence from work and work engagement of the female employees of Islamic Azad University, Parand branch. The method was experimental-field carried out with pretest and posttest and two groups: control and experimental. 72 female employees of Islamic Azad University voluntarily participated as subjects in this study. Work engagement was assessed by Schaufeli and Bakker inventory; productivity and reduced absence from work were assessed by public health and work productivity inventory of Hang. Aerobic exercise increased work engagement (p < /em>=0.001) and productivity (p < /em>=0.001) in subjects, but this exercise had no effects on reducing absence from work. The results of this study showed that physical activity do not equally affect work indexes (effect size=0.55 in work engagement, effect size=0.37 in productivity). According to these findings, it is suggested that managers should provide proper opportunities to participate in physical activities for all employees especially women who suffer from many restrictions on physical activities in order to promote work engagement and productivity of human resources so that they can enjoy their active human resources more effectively in the organization.


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