Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant professor, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Rafsanjan, Iran

2 Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.


The pervasiveness of sports and the importance of its position in international events have attracted governments’ attention. Besides the social and economic effects, winning international sport competitions is assumed as a symbol of comprehensive stability and capabilities of countries. This winning is the reason why countries invest in professional and championship sports. So, the policy of detecting talented athletes to participate in an organized training program is of great importance in sports nowadays. This study reviewed the literature of sport talent identification and pointed to challenges, constraints and shortages existing in scientific talent identification process. The articles were searched in well-known databases such as PubMed, SCOPUS, Science Direct and Springer with the following keywords: talent identification in sport, talent identification criteria (innate or acquired) and talent identification patterns. Ultimately, more than 60 articles were reviewed. The studies in sport talent identification are new and a specific and inclusive pattern which covers all dimensions has not yet provided. A few patterns consider the effect of innate criteria such as genetics as suitable for talent identification in sport while most researches recognize those patterns based on skill assessment after training as determinants. Several other studies focus on skill criteria along with physiological, anthropometric, biomechanical and psychological criteria.


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