بررسی رابطة بین عوامل درون سازمانی و رفتار سیاسی با تأکید بر نقش میانجی‌گری ادراک از سیاست سازمانی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری مدیریت و برنامه‌ریزی در تربیت بدنی، واحد علوم تحقیقات، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران

2 استاد دانشگاه علوم تحقیقات تهران، تهران، ایران

3 استادیار بخش روان‌شناسی و علوم تربیتی، دانشگاه پیام نور ، تهران، ایران

چکیده

در فضای رقابتی امروز، داشتن رفتار سیاسی است که کسب وکارها را در رسیدن به مزیت رقابتی سازمان‌ها یاری می‌کند. هدف این تحقیق بررسی رابطة بین عوامل درون سازمانی و رفتار سیاسی با تأکید بر نقش میانجی‌گری ادراک از سیاست سازمانی است. جامعة آماری تحقیق شامل کارکنان وزارت ورزش کشور و فدراسیون‌ها است. 705 پرسشنامه جهت تحلیل مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. کارکنان پرسشنامه‌های ماکیاول‌گرایی کریستی و همکاران (1970)، خودپایشی لناکس و ولف (1984)، کانون کنترل لونسون (1972)، استقلال شغلی، بازخورد، تنوع مهارت هاکمن و اولدهام (1980)، ارتباط با مدیر اسکندورا و همکاران (1986)، تمرکز دی‌وار و همکاران (1980)، رسمیت هاکمن و اولدم (1981)، مشارکت در تصمیم‌گیری ایکن و هیج (1993)، عدالت رویه‌ای نیهاف و مورمن (1993) و ادراک از سیاست سازمانی کاکمار و فریز (1999) را تکمیل نمودند. گردآوری داده‌های کمی پژوهش از طریق توزیع پرسشنامه با روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی در دسترس صورت گرفت. برای تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌ها و بررسی فرضیه‌ها از نرم افزارهای SPSS ویراست 19 و 5/8LISREL استفاده شد. یافته‌های تحقیق نشان داد بین عوامل درون سازمانی و رفتار سیاسی رابطة مستقیم و معنادار وجود دارد و ادراک از سیاست سازمانی رابطة بین عوامل درون سازمانی و رفتار سیاسی را میانجی‌گری می‌کنند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigate the relationship between inter-organizational factors and political behavior, with emphasis on the role of mediator perception of organizational politics

نویسندگان [English]

  • robab mokhtari 1
  • ali mohammad safa nia 2
  • Hossein Poursoltani Zarandi 3

1 ی

2 Professor, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

It is the political behavior in today’s competition space that assists enterprises to achieve competition advantage of organizations. The present research aims at studying the relationship between in-organization factors and political behavior emphasizing the intermediary role of perceiving the policy in Sport Ministry and Federations (of football, volleyball, handball, basketball, weight-lifting, wrestling, taekwondo, veterans and disabled). Population of the study includes all staff (1498 people) of the Sport Ministry and Federations among which 705 people were randomly selected as samples. Quantitative data were collected through questionnaire distribution. The staff filled in the questionnaire including Machiavellianism, self-protection, control focus, job independence, feedback, skill diversity, relationship with manager, concentration, formality, cooperation in decision-making, procedural justice and perceiving the policy. The proposed pattern was evaluated by Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) and using software SPSS (19th edition) and PLS. Findings of the research showed that the proposed model was fitted well with data. Findings of the research indicate that the relationship between in-organization factors and political behavior is not significant and the policy perception mediates the relationship between in-organization factors and political behavior. Politics is a true to life in the organizations. Those who are not able to observe their political behavior cannot understand the fact that organization is a political system. Thus, the organizations should lead to the politicization and managers should take necessary attempts toward this importance to reach organizational goals.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • perception of organizational politics
  • political behavior
  • personal factors
  • occupational factors
  • organizational factors
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دوره 11، شماره 1
فروردین 1398
صفحه 119-131
  • تاریخ دریافت: 12 دی 1395
  • تاریخ بازنگری: 27 خرداد 1397
  • تاریخ پذیرش: 13 شهریور 1396
  • تاریخ اولین انتشار: 01 فروردین 1398