Document Type : Research Paper


1 University of Esfahan

2 M.A of Economic, Isfahan University

3 Asuciate Professor of Isfahan University


The aim of this study was to examine the economic position of stadiums and professional sport teams on index of income of those people in related jobs. This study was application in terms of the goal and the method was description-library-analysis. Statistical population consisted of all employees in related jobs in 8 big cities in Iran that had a football team in premier league in 2010-2012. Statistical sample was equal to available statistical population and total collected data were 1037 cases. In order to collect data, the questionnaire of household expenditure-income plan of the Statistical Center of Iran was used. Also, the researchers visited federation, league organization, conducted library research and collected the number of stadiums, the number of played games, having/not having a team and stadium capacity. In data analysis, panel data was used to estimate the econometric model. To reach the optimum model, F test, Hausman test and Breusch-Pagan test were applied using Eviews. The obtained results showed that professional teams and stadiums in cities did not have any positive and significant effects on income. The results also showed that the public urban budgets should not be used to construct stadiums and/or teams should not attend the cities with the aim of creating economic benefits there.


  1. الهی، علیرضا و همکاران (1389). "موانع توسعۀ صنعت باشگاه‌داری حرفه‌ای فوتبال ایران"، مجلۀ پژوهش در علوم ورزشی، ش 28، ص 68-53.
  2. رستم‌زاده، پرویز و همکاران (1393). "اثر سرمایه‌گذاری دولت در بخش ورزش بر رشد اقتصادی در ایران"، فصلنامۀ پژوهش‌های اقتصادی (رشد و توسعۀ پایدار)، سال چهاردهم، ش چهارم، ص 210-177.
  3. سلطان حسینی، محمد و همکاران (1389). "بررسی آثار اقتصادی اماکن ورزشی بر محیط شهری"، فصلنامۀ المپیک، سال هجدهم، ش 3، ص 67-59.
  4. سلطان حسینی، محمد و همکاران. (1392)، "اولویت‌بندی اثرات اجتماعی و اقتصادی اماکن ورزشی بر محیط شهری (مطالعۀ موردی شهریزد)"، مجلۀ مطالعات و پژوهش‌های شهری و منطقه‌ای، سال چهارم، ش شانزدهم، ص 88-65.
  5. صادق‌آرانی، زهرا؛ میرغفوری، سید حبیب‌اله (1388). "تجزیه‌وتحلیل وضعیت توسعه‌یافتگی ورزشی ایران"، مجلۀ پژوهش در علوم ورزشی، ش 24، ص 120-103.
  6. عسکریان، فریبا و همکاران (1384). "بررسی وضعیت اقتصادی ورزش ایران در سال‌های 1377 و 1380"، نشریۀ علمی پژوهشی حرکت، ش 24، ص 43-25.
  7. مرکز آمار ایران، "طرح هزینه و درآمد خانوار"،90-1388
  8. یوسفی، بهرام و دیگران (1387). "مبانی علم اقتصاد و اقتصاد ورزش"، کرمانشاه، انتشارات دانشگاه رازی، چ اول، ص 19-17.
  9. Baade, R. (1996). “Professional sports as catalysts for metropolitan economic development”. Journal of Urban Studies, 18, pp: 1-17.

10. Baade, R & Dye, R. (1988). “Sports stadiums and area development: a critical review”. Economic development quarterly, 2, pp: 265-275.

11. Coates, D. (2007). “Stadiums and arenas: economic development or economic redistribution?”. Contemporary economic policy(ISSN 1074-3529), 25(4), pp: 565-577.

12. Coates, D. & Humphreys, B. (2001). “Professional sports facilities, franchises and urban economic development”. Public finance and management, 3, pp: 335-357.

13. Coates, D. & H, Brad. (2003). “The effects of professional sports on earnings and employment in the retail and services sectors of US cities”. Regional science and urban economics, 33, pp: 175-198.

14. Coates, D. & Humphreys, B. (2008). “Do Economists Reach a Conclusion on Subsidies for Sports Franchises”. Stadiums, and Mega-Events?, Econ Journal Watch, 5(3) , pp: 294-315.

15. Hudson, I. (1999). “Bright Lights, Big City: Do Professional Sports Teams Increase Employment? Journal of Urban Affairs”. 21(4), pp: 397-407.

16. Nelson, A . (2001). “Prosperity or blight? A question of major league stadia location”. Economic development quarterly, 15(3), pp: 255-265.

17. Peters, M. (1996). “Rising to the Challenge: Realizing the Intangible Benefits of a Professional Sports Franchise”. Tennessee' s Business, 7(1-2), pp: 5-8.

18. Santo, C. (2005). “The economic impact sports stadiums: recasting the analysis in context”. Journal of urban affairs, 27(2), pp: 177-191.

19. Siegfried, J & Zimbalist, A. (2006). “The Economic Impact of Sports Facilities, Teams and Mega-Events”. The Australian Economic Review, 39(4), pp: 420–427.

20. Supovitz, F. (2005). “The sports event management and marketing playbook”. New York, John Wiley & Sons, pp: (5-7, 273-274)

21. Yuen, B. (2008). “Sport and urban development in Singapore”. Cities, 25(1), pp: 29-36.

22. Zimbalist, A. (1996). “The Economic Impact of Sport Team on Cities”. Tennessee Business, 7(1-2), pp: 9-16.