Document Type : Research Paper


1 PhD Student of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, University of Mazandaran, Babolsar, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Sport Management Department, Faculty of Physical Education, Birjand University, Birjand, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Sport Management Department, Humanities Faculty, University of Alzahra, Tehran, Iran


The aim of this study was to examine the effect of new methods of management on creativity, self-efficiency and mobility of human resources in sport organizations. All top managers and heads of Sport and Youth Office (sports bodies) in the province participated in this study. 37 top managers and 176 presidents and vice presidents of sports bodies were randomly selected as the sample. The Multi-Factor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ), Amabil (1996) Organization Creativity Questionnaire and Felts (1998) Self-Efficiency Questionnaire were used. To analyze the data, MANOVA test, multi-regression analysis and Pearson correlation coefficient were used (P≤0.05). The results indicated that out of the three styles of management, transformational management style (F=9.743, β=0.316) in comparison with transactional management style (F=5.019, β=0.109) and laissez-faire management style (F=4.263, β=0.002) was the strongest factor to determine employees' creativity. Also, there was a significant relationship between transformational management style and employees' self- efficiency (r=0.23, P≤0.05) and mobility of human resources (r= - 0.11, P≤0.05). There was a significant and direct relationship between laissez-faire management and mobility (r=0.14, P≤0.05) only in those organizations which used this type of management. Therefore, according to these results which showed that new ideas (creativity) were higher in successful sports bodies who benefited from transformational management style than unsuccessful sports bodies, it is recommended that the organization should use the transformational management style if more creative employees are needed.


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