The purpose of this study was to compare the pathological components of organizational performance in successful and unsuccessful sports federations. The research method was comparative study in which data was collected by field study method. The sample size was equated with the population which consisted of 127 employees of successful federations including wrestling, rowing and water skiing, Wushu, Taekwondo and weightlifting federations as well as 54 employees of unsuccessful federations including Kabaddi, physical fitness and aerobics, tribal and rural sport, sports-for-all and Kung Fu federations. There was 143 employees were participated in this study. The subjects completed Preziosi's organizational diagnosis questionnaire (ODQ) (1980). The criteria to consider sports federations as either successful or unsuccessful were based on the assessment conducted on the performance of federations by the Ministry of Sports and Youth during the first half of 2010. Data analysis was done by Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, two-sample independent t-test, Mann Whitney U test. The results showed that successful federations had a better status in regard to organizational structure (P<0.05). Unsuccessful federations was better than successful ones in organizational communication and reward system (P<0.05). There were no significant difference in organizational goals, leadership, useful mechanisms and drive for change between successful and unsuccessful organizations (P>0.05).