Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor in Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Mashhad, Iran

2 Professor in Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

3 Associate Professor in Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


The aim of this study was to evaluate chaordic management and normative evaluation of chaordic management measuring tool based on chaos theory in Iran Physical Education Organization. This study was carried out in two phases: in the first phase, the study background and chaos theory were examined and the concept of chaordic management was determined using qualitative content analysis and through interviewing 10 management and sport management experts. The findings of the first phase introduced the model of self-productive chaordic management. Based on the designed model and chaos theory, the principle components and dimensions of this concept were considered as butterfly effect, dynamic adaptation, strange attractors and self-similarity. In the second phase, based on the model of self-productive chaos management, the items of the chaos management scale were extracted. To examine the construct validity or the content validity of the scale, exploratory factor analysis was used which identified four factors as the components of chaos management as follows: organizational structure, managers' skills, conditions of the organization and employees. In order to evaluate the reliability of the scale, Cronbach’s alpha was used (0.92) which showed the suitable internal consistency of the scale. The results indicated the direct relationship of managers' education level and management career with chaos management. Then, chaos management in the Physical Education Organization was examined by this scale and the findings showed that the chaos management was significantly at an average level in the organization. As there was no significant relationship between the rate and importance of each chaos management dimension, it can be inferred that managers of the Physical Education Organization did not benefit from the positive advantages of chaos management skill in the decisions, quality improvement, etc. in the current condition.