Understanding the occupational attitudes has been one of the most important challenges of management science during the last few decades. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between organizational commitment and locus of control in physical education academic members working for Ministry of Science, Research, and Technology in Iran. Meyer’s organizational commitment questionnaire as well as Lavenson’s locus of control questionnaire was used for the research population including 265 subjects. 220 subjects (83%) returned the questionnaires. Statistical analysis showed a positive relationship between organizational commitment and internal locus of control (P<0.01). A negative relationship was found between external locus of control and organizational commitment (P<0.01).