These days women’s participation in social activities has increased in Iranian society. However, in spite of a rising trend in this area, women’s participation in sport activities has been limited. Due to the key role of sport in women’s health which leads to the health of the future generation, this subject must be analyzed and possible actions must be taken to empower their active participation in sport areas. Therefore, the barriers affecting women’s participation in sport activities were identified in five dimensions: social, cultural, personal, family and facility-economic by a review of the related literature, experts’ ideas and Delphi technique. Due to the large society of women, this research was conducted among female university students. At the end, based on research findings, several suggestions were presented.