The purpose of this research was to study participative management and resistance to change dimensions as well as to survey their relationship in Physical Education Organization and Physical Education Department of Ministry of Education. For this purpose, 126 experts of Physical Education Organization and 38 experts of Physical Education Department of Ministry of Education were selected. Data were collected by two researcher-made questionnaires: participative management and resistance to change (with reasonable validity; Cronbach's alpha for participative management was ? = 0.82 and for resistance to change was ? = 0.70 respectively). The results indicated a significant and reverse relationship between participative management and resistance to change (P=0.01) and between participation in planning and goal setting (P=0.05). A significant and reverse relationship was observed between participation in decision making and problem solving, participation in control and monitoring and participation in implementation to resistance to change (P=0.01) as well. There was a significant difference in participative management between Physical Education Organization and Physical Education Department of Ministry of Education but no significant difference was observed in resistance to change between these two organizations (P=0.05).